“Awakening” culture – the ancient dilemma

An ideological linguistic dispute has been raging in France for several days, beginning with a three-letter word drawn up by the famous dictionary. Robert I decided to include it in the online version. The word in question, “iel,” the so-called “universal” pronoun, is a symbiosis between pronouns “he is” And “she”used for people who do not want to be defined by male or female, has generated heated debates, both in society and politics.

“Little Robert, A dictionary that was thought to be a reference, just merging words “El, El, Els, Els” on its website. Thus, its perpetrators are active in a cause that has nothing to do with the French language: I wake updoctrine. I have already warned the French Academy ”- François Jollivier, politician and deputy from La République En Marche, reacted harshly on his Twitter account.

“Obviously I support François Jollivé’s protest against him Little Robert. “Inclusive writing is not the future of the French language,” said Jean-Michel Blanquer, Minister of National Education, a staunch supporter of Latin and Greek classes in schools. I wake up. When asked later whether this decision was not similar, for example, to the decision to add the feminine gender to nouns designating masculine occupations, the minister said that it was not the same thing at all and, moreover, “we must not confuse the French language which. still complex enough to complicate it with excessive creativity.” Minister Brigitte Macron also supported, on a brief note: “French is a beautiful language. We have pronouns, let’s leave them like that!”

Charles Pimbinet, General Manager, also came on the other side Lou Robert, The decision is justified by a press release posted on the dictionary’s website. “We just learned about it at the time “Somehow” (…), a lively debate fuels social networks, a debate that has been captured by some media outlets, but also political figures. In recent months, two documentaries Robert They note the frequent use of this word (…) by statistical analysis of a large set of texts, extracted from various sources. It is this constant “clock” that allows us to know the emergence of new words, phrases, meanings, etc. word “Somehow” It was discussed in early October in our editorial board, during which it was decided to include it in the dictionary.”

Interestingly, despite the director Robert He claims that notaries have noted an “increasingly frequent” use of the dictionary definition of the pronoun iel Accompanied by the note ‘seldom used’.

Another argument made by Bimbenet, this time more correct, is that the meaning of this pronoun does not follow from simply reading it. In the language of lexicographers, such words are said to be not “transparent” – so it seemed useful to us to determine their meaning to those who meet it and who will use it or reject it. We must remember that Lou Robert, Like all dictionaries, it contains many words that convey ideas, current or past, about societal trends, etc. (…) Its mission is to monitor and report on the development of a diverse and ever-changing French language.

Former Education Secretary Luke Ferry also intervened in the dispute, commenting on the concept of inclusive literature on LCI TV: “Why am I so hostile to inclusive literature? Because there is a whole philosophy behind it coming from the United States, we’re talking about it.” I wake upDoctrine, a current that wants, in effect, to purify all classical literature. We’re talking about Balzac, Montaigne and Stendhal – they are all in the opinion of culture I wake up If they do not write exhaustively, it means that they are bastards, and they should be disposed of, and the children will learn that Stendhal, for example, was a sexist bastard.

back to ielI’m not against new idioms, as you can see I use words like I wake updoctrine. But it bothers me to accept misused words. For example, in parentheses, we say not “type”, but “type”. We do not say “we understand each other” but “we understand each other”. If a group of people speak grammatically incorrectly, this does not mean that we have to turn the error into a rule. Of course the conscience iel It cannot be considered a mistake, but it can be considered a pure invention. We are not talking about a derivation that gives social equality. Because in French this equality exists – we say a teacher, a lawyer, a doctor. But behind these derivations are linguistic concepts, not idiots, and not a purely linguistic game.

Therefore, “Somehow” ideological mood? Marie Helen Dreyfoot, linguist and editor at Lou Robert, He said that this heated debate was expected. “When it comes to the current language, everyone is concerned, especially when the topic is ‘the war between the sexes.’ Here we enter the ghost world – I’ve heard people think it is, from now on, conscience. iel will replace them He. She And deer – But rest assured, this is not the case. Others wonder if children should, from now on, learn new pronoun forms at school – again, this is not the case. These ghosts only take on imaginary proportions. We have only noted the appearance of this word, and any self-respecting lexicologist understands that a new word is a new need – which can be absurd, useless, or well-founded. Anyway, we are talking about a need to translate into words. If there are individuals who do not want to be properly categorized he is or she, they chose this alternative – which even if it raises lexical problems, this alternative is already in the spoken language. Let’s not forget that Robert It has always been an avant-garde dictionary – in fact, we were the first to introduce the word Homophobia. I don’t know why the French were so afraid of this decision – if we were in Canada, I don’t think we would have any problems.”

On the one hand, in fact, in theory, the dictionary is a research tool, and not a normative one. But, in practice, the grammar is looked up in the dictionary, and Ms. Dreyfaut’s conclusion – there hasn’t been much discussion in Canada – raises another big question mark: Is Canada really a good example?

Let’s not forget that in Canada there are many examples of the extremes of political correctness via the culture I wake up And let’s not forget that the heated debate over pronouns iel Which also reached the political sphere in France, in fact proceeds from the association of the word with this movement.

But what is culture? I wake up Why do you get so hot?

Etymologically, the name of the culture I wake up It comes from a 19th century African American slang word derived from the verb to wake up – I wake up. Initially, she identified a movement designed to draw attention to racist and discriminatory mindsets. Today, however, it is described rather as a totalitarian ideology that underlies a “culture of abolition” and aims at censorship – in the name of this culture, artworks have been vandalized, words that don’t sound good have been banned, and lynching campaigns have been launched against people suspected of inconsistency. With a new ethical behavior.

“Shakespeare’s works are full of outdated problematic ideas, with much misogyny, racism, homophobia, and anti-Semitism. Which begs the question: Is Shakespeare more valuable or more relevant than so many other authors who have so brilliantly written about anxiety, love, history, and comedy? And humanity for the past 400 years?” — asks, for example, Amanda MacGregor, a Minnesota librarian, bookseller, and freelance journalist, in a paper published in January 2021 in the School Library Journal.

To Teach or Not to Teach: Is Shakespeare Still Relevant to Today’s Students? cHe also has an investigation among several professors in the United States, concluding that many of them are willing – either refusing to teach Bard’s work or contextualizing it to the point of destroying the essence -, Romeo and Juliet It is taught in terms of “adolescent brain development with some toxic masculinity analysis,” and village as a kind of an introduction In order to treat trauma, one of the teachers interviewed said that she brings in specialists to teach children, about village, “What to do with pain and ways not to get confused when facing stressful situations.”

Of course, Shakespeare is not the only author targeted by his followers I wake up – But in this age of cultural cleansing, there is still a legitimate question, I think: apart from investigative activities, what are actually the true cultural works of this movement that is meant to be so cultural?

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