January 15, National Culture Day. 172 years since the birth of Mihai Eminsko

On January 15, Romania’s National Culture Day is celebrated, the date chosen to celebrate Mihai Eminescu. The national poet of the Romanians was born on January 15, 1850. Every year, on Culture Day, events are organized throughout the country. This year, the Ministry of Culture finances a number of 23 cultural projects and activities, for which 500,000 lei have been allocated.

Statue of Mihai Emenscu from Mihai Emenscu ParkPhoto: Hotnews

National Culture Day was first celebrated on January 15, 2011. A year earlier, Parliament adopted a bill according to which Mihai Eminescu’s birthday became National Culture Day, a normative law that garnered 175 votes in favor, one against and two abstentions. . The decree on promulgating the law declaring January 15 as a national culture day was signed on December 6, 2010, and Law No. 238, dated December 7, 2010, was published in the Official Gazette No. 831 on December 13, 2010.

The Ministry of Culture is organizing on January 15, starting at 19.00, together with the National Theater “IL Caragiale” Bucharest, the Bucharest National Opera and the National Theater “Mihai Eminescu” in Chisinau, an event that will bring on stage the prominent artists of TNB from the mentioned institutions, such as Diana Decuseară, Ghenadie Gâlc, Iurie Focșa, Aliona Triboi, Oana Pellea, Mariana Mihuț, Maia Morgenstern, Horațiu Mălăele, Soprano Teodora Giorgio, Mezzo-soprano, Roxandra Donordos.

“We have a sacred duty. Honor our personalities, our works of art and our national heritage. I encourage Romanians, from the youngest to the oldest, to continue to respect their history, national identity and traditions, because they are the only business card that will never lose their value. Happy birthday!”, declared the Minister of Culture, Lucien Romacano.

The program also includes the screening of two films presenting the history of the National Theater in Chisinau and the history of the Bucharest National Opera (both institutions are in their centenary year), reading of poems by Mihai Eminscu and a concert by the ONB Orchestra. . Also, in the TNB foyer, an art exhibition will be held, with the participation of ArtSafari, among the works on display are the works of the great painters Nicolae Tunizza and Nicolae Grigorescu.

January 15, National Culture Day in the Republic of Moldova

National Culture Day is also celebrated in other European countries, and on this occasion eminent personalities of culture, representatives of each country are honored. In Spain, Culture Day is celebrated with the death of Miguel de Cervantes, and in Portugal, the birthday of the poet Luis de Camويسes.

Mihai Emenscu’s birthday has also become the National Culture Day of the Republic of Moldova, following the decision of the authorities of this country.

January 15, birthday of Mihai Eminscu

Mihai Emenscu was born on January 15, 1850 in Botosani. He was a poet, prose writer, playwright and journalist who was posthumously considered by literary critics to be the most important poetic voice in Roman literature. He received a good philosophical education, and his poetic work was influenced by the great philosophical systems of his time, ancient philosophy – from Heraclitus to Plato, the great Romantic systems of thought, theories of Arthur Schopenhauer and Immanuel Kant. Theories of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.

He was active in the company “Junimea” and worked as an editor for the newspaper “Timpul”. He published his first poem at the age of sixteen, and at the age of nineteen he went to study in Vienna. Although he lived only 39 years, he bequeathed to posterity a vast literary creation – poetry, prose, plays – and journalism. The manuscripts of Mihai Emenescu, collected in 46 volumes (about 14,000 pages), were donated to the Roman Academy by Tito Maiuriscu, on January 25, 1902.

Eminescu died on June 15, 1889 in Bucharest. Posthumously elected (October 28, 1948) a member of the Roman Academy.

The literary critic Tito Maiuriscu, teacher of “Junime”, wrote in the study “Emenescu and his Poems” published in 1989: The form of the national language, which he found in the poet Emenescu the most beautiful achievement to date, to be the starting point for all the future development of the clothing of Roman thought ”.

George Kalinscu stated in the book dedicated to the life of Mihai Emenscu: the waters dry up in the river, and the forest or fortress rises above his burial place ”, according to the volume “Life of Mihai Emenscu”, Literary Publishing House, 1964.

Literary critic and archaeologist Zoe Domitrescu Bussolinga (later Mother Benedicta), according to Agerberis, remarked of the national poet: “And in his harrowing endeavors, he swung in great lyrical poems, ‘among philosophers’ and immersed in myths, and immersed in sciences, we constantly search for Ways to beauty and supreme truth.”

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