Sunflower, a high-risk crop. What is the effect of neonicotinoids on farms!

Angelica Left

Sunflower is a crop that could hit many farmers this year. Despite higher prices for fertilizers and other agricultural inputs, production of quality flower seeds can benefit the farm. The risk of pre-signed nodes still exists, but the Department of Agriculture’s decision to make an exception again for seed treatment with neonicotinoids has led many farmers to expand areas with spring oilseed oil.

Concerning the position of the Spring Campaign regarding the sowing of flowers, Agrointelligence – AGROINTEL.RO It has been discussed with many agricultural producers and specialists. They all emphasized the importance of not being restricted to insecticide treatment, and the current context is favorable for a good year for sunflowers.

Lucien Bozdogan, international consultant and former director of Agricost Braila

Engineer Lucien Bozdogan: There are two directions of action – the first is to find an alternative, the second is to accept neonicotinoids until another effective solution is obtained

One of the most famous agronomists in Romania, international consultant and former director of Agricost Brăila, Engineer Lucien Bozdogan, member of the Farmers Power Association, was mentioned to Agrointelligence – AGROINTEL.RO It may be pointed out that until a biochemical product is found to replace these substances, neonicotinoids must be accepted.

“Thanks to the efforts made, including the Farmers’ Force Association of which I am a part, Romania has been able to get a wider use of neonicotinoids. The problem should cover two aspects, knowing exactly the state of Romania by its geo-climatic position, so to speak, It is the country most affected in the European Union by a pest that can be kept from our crops, Tanymecus. It can be kept away, for the time being, by neonoids. What needs to be done? It must be understood that until a biochemical product is found to stop the virulence of the attack of this pest On some crops, especially corn and sunflowers, which attack and with time become almost polyeating, until a product is made to replace neonicotinoids, no more restrictions.This will be one direction, because it puts us in a position of fear every year, whether they will agree with us or not And then I think they should, my direction of action. I repeat, one of them will have a product that replaces the neonicotinoids with the same quality and cost-effectiveness, ie not very expensive, and the second so that this product appears to have been approved for the same purpose. y to continue using.

At the same time, agronomist, Lucien Bozdogan, also said that in-depth research should be done on the effects that neonicotinoids have on bees because, with his vast experience, beekeepers have always brought hives in neonicotinoid crops from the Big Island of Braila.

“Of course, I’d like to add some more serious research because, in my decades of experience as a neonicotinoid user, I’ve found that the urge to come with hives to Greater Braila, where I’ve worked and grown in large areas and neonicotinoid-treated corn and sunflowers hasn’t waned. Never, on the contrary, it was a hit to get to the island.Suddenly, the idea was fired that this product would be harmful to bees.I don’t argue that it is not, but of course I wonder why it was such a struggle for the people who come To that region, where plants have been treated with neonicotinoids? So, to do research to find out exactly how much it affects it, how serious the situation is, and in this sense, a decision must be made on the basis of studies, I would say on a bilateral basis and from the beekeepers, but also from the leaders and growers of grain ” Lucien Bozdogan, international consultant and former director of Agricost Brăila

Alexander Dejiansky, a farmer from Timich County

Alexander Dejiansky: We decided to expand the area with sunflowers

In turn, the young farmer Aleksandr Dejiansky planted 700 hectares this year with sunflowers from the 5,000 hectares of grain he was cultivating in total in the Golviz district of Timich County.

He congratulated the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Adrian Chesnoiu, for his initiative to extend the exemption to sunflowers, thus supporting farmers.

“In this regard, I congratulated first of all the Minister of Agriculture, Adrien Chesneau, for his decision to continue to support the restriction further, to extend the period of deregulation for sunflower, because even if we had no problems with the war, it was the lack of exceptions for neonicotinoids in sunflowers Big big problem.We plant about 600-700 hectares of sunflower every year, last year we had less than 200 hectares for the first time in many years when sunflower was the crop with the least share of the farm.This year, against the background of This global crisis, from the huge increase in prices, especially for oilseeds, as we see in sunflowers the current price is 4.5 lei / kg, we decided to expand the space more than you planned for us., Of course we helped and paid this exception that gives us the security of the successful emergence of the crop because we suffered From it in 2020 when we planted sunflowers again a few hundred good hectares and had to return 140 hectares after they were completely destroyed from Tanymicus, said Alexander Dejiansky.

One of the substances that has been restricted is Nuprid, which is used to process corn and sunflower seeds. In general, says the farmer, try not to make crops unnecessary.

“I have already placed an order and I believe that Nuprid has come to the farm to treat the seeds. In culture, I am a supporter of a more rational intervention in cultures. Of course, this hysteria of not only treating the seeds has led to a negative effect, and more harmful to all, that is, the use of more pesticides Systemic and contact insecticides applied in post-emergence to fight because I have also been going week to week on sunflowers with contact or systemic insecticides I could see the culture disappear.I, in vegetation, in the years I had been struggling with neonicotinoid use from Sunflower, I have not used any insecticide, none. Including rapeseed, I use the insecticide a maximum of three times, once in the fall, and twice in the spring for Ceutorhynchus and Meligethes, then use only contact products, not systemic ones. He said Alexander Dejiansky: “I don’t want to jump on the bandwagon with anything that means unnecessary chemical dyeing” Agrointelligence – AGROINTEL.RO.

Valentin Bubba: Without exception, we will not have half the production

Calarasi farmer Valentine Popa, Senior Vice President of the Farmers Power Association, grows a total of 160 hectares of grain. Among them, sunflower occupies 25 hectares and corn occupies 70 hectares. The farmer stated that if these exceptions to neonicotinoids were not made, his production probably wouldn’t even be halved.

“I think if we didn’t have that exception, we wouldn’t have half the production because if we didn’t have that exception, we’d be forced to sow without treating the seeds with these pesticides. We’ve had years planting without being treated with pesticides and we ate the duck (no corn Tanymecus sua). Rățișoara) nearly 10 hectares of corn. I turned it over and had to plant and process it again. I went to the plant and treated it and then planted it. So I’ve had this problem for years and you realize it’s serious. If we as a country no longer deal with pesticides, the production would be, I don’t know if it’s half, maybe a lot smaller. I use Nuprid, I don’t treat at home, I always treat at stations,” stated the farmer from Călărași province.

Although the pest problem has been partially solved by this restriction of neonicotinoids, farmer Valentin Popa claims that, this year, farmers’ concerns are on several levels. Precisely so that the wheat that has begun to grow does not suffer from temperatures that vary widely from day to night.

“The non-compliance introduced by the Minister of Agriculture, Adrien Chesnot, is only good this year because we will be careless and can do other work that needs to be done, otherwise we will have to deal with insecticides as soon as the duck is in the field. A maximum of one hour must be intervened immediately. in that area of ​​land, or else the whole soil, and the entire cultivated area, may be compromised within two days.I work 160 hectares, and put about 60 hectares of corn, 25 hectares of sunflower, and 2 hectares of peas, and the rest with wheat, I think More than 50 hectares are planted with wheat. We see what the weather is like now, hot day, and night when the temperatures are negative, we have fear now and the wheat is already starting to turn into vegetation, but we live with hope, “added Valentin Popa for Agrointelligence – AGROINTEL.RO.

Claudio Eloi Farms, Calurassi County

Claudio Elio: We can’t fight the duck without this seed remedy

Claudio Eloi, a member of the Farmers’ Power Association and a farmer from Valsilili, Province of Silirazi, who cultivates a total of 4,500 hectares, appreciated Minister Adrien Chesnow’s decision to intervene for farmers about the non-compliance with the use of neonicotinoids.

“I posed the biggest problem, and in this way we thank the Minister, Adrien Chesnot, for being with us. This is a very big problem. Giving us this year was very important. We can’t fight the duck without treating the seeds. It was clear that production would be lower if not given This exception. With this treatment we still suffer and we still suffer losses. If I didn’t have it, it would be very difficult. The announcement of the waivers announced at the beginning of this year defined our commitment to being calm, making sure we can process the seeds and we won’t have any problems.” Agrointelligence – AGROINTEL.RO.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) has announced since January 2022 that it has approved the treatment of neonicotinoids for corn and sunflower crops, which will be established this year.

The National Phytosanitary Authority, a body of MADR, has published on its website the temporary permits for the pesticides Cruiser 350 FS, Nuprid Al 600 FS and Poncho 600 FS.

Exceptions were made for the three insecticides from January 25 to May 24, 2022, and the seeds can only be processed by approved service providers, said then-Agricultural Secretary Adrian Chesnot.

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