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The Ministry of Transport is proposing to conduct a feasibility study for the construction of the first high-speed railway in Romania

The Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure (MTI) is proposing to conduct a feasibility study for the construction of the first high-speed railway in Romania at an estimated cost of €120 million (€142 million inclusive of VAT), according to the railway programme, discussed on the special website. The Romanian train “TGV” will connect the port of Constanta to the European high-speed rail network, via Budapest, and in the form of construction on a completely new alignment will cost 17 billion euros.

MTI aims to analyze the opportunity by 2026 to build the Constanta – Bucharest – Budapest high-speed line, and by 2023 to provide a preliminary report on the opportunity to build the line.

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High-speed rail is an economical and sustainable alternative, as well as for the protection and preservation of the environment, as evidenced by the continuous expansion of the network (High Speed ​​Rail – HSR / High Speed ​​​​Train – TMV) in Europe. Thus, high-speed trains have become a formidable competitor for medium and long-range air transport within and between countries of Central and Western Europe.

Examples such as InterCity-Express – ICE in Germany or between Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Belgium and the Kingdom of the Netherlands or TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) / Thalis / Eurostar between France and Belgium, the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom The Netherlands are real successful models for building high-speed rail and providing rail services Premium quality iron, convenient, safe and fast.

In this context, the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure is interested in connecting a high-speed or high-speed rail (above 200 km/h) connecting the Constanta / Port Constanta region with the Romanian capital as well as with Budapest and implicitly with the modern European railway network.

In this context, the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure is interested in connecting a high-speed or high-speed rail (above 200 km/h) connecting the Constanta / Port Constanta region with the Romanian capital as well as with Budapest and implicitly with the modern European railway network.

“To the extent that Romania will benefit from additional financial allocations to the railway sector for the development of the high-speed rail network or will be part of a European cross-border program with a financial allocation for high-speed rail, the beneficiary will be able to implement the HSR (Rails) project. High Speed ​​Rail)”, as described in the quoted document.

The high-speed railway will have a route that connects similar railway networks in neighboring countries, but also to large urban centers in Romania. The high-speed rail lines will be built on a new alignment, without using the existing rail infrastructure that will only have connection connections.

Thus, in order to achieve this objective, the investment program proposes to conduct a feasibility study for the construction of a high-speed railway on the east-west axis that will interfere as little as possible with the railway investments made or under construction.

The main objectives are:
a) connecting Romania to the European high-speed rail network;
b) Connecting the large urban centers of Romania with high-speed railways.

The feasibility study should highlight, inter alia, the following:
• Investment sustainability (cost-benefit analysis).
• Serving the main urban centers and growth poles in the direction of the southeast and northwest.
• take into account not to double other investments with the same objective (continuous modernization of the Rhine-Danube railway corridor);
• Analyze terrain and environmental impact and propose solutions for identified critical sectors.
• carried out on the basis of specific field studies (geological, topographical and environmental);
• To provide the running speed of trains: high speed / increase the speed (200 km / h, 250 km / h, 300 km / h, more than 300 km / h).

A preliminary analysis by experts from the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure revealed two possible approaches:

a. Economically and socially sustainable alignment for the development of high-speed / high-speed railways can be as follows: Bucharest – Petite – Cortia de Argio – Sibiu – Medea – (TG Muric) – Cluj – Napoca – Zalo – Oradea – Bishop of Bihor. This solution will be validated by the results of the feasibility study. The high-speed railway has a length of about 590 km and an estimated cost of about 25-30 million euros / km (which could lead to an estimated investment cost of about 17 billion euros).

B. Hybrid alignment involving upgraded sections at 160 km/h for part of the road (mountain crossings, current color), respectively new alignments at speeds over 200 km/h depending on geographical aspects and those with economic profitability on certain sections of the road. This approach involves taking advantage of investments that have already been made, are in progress, or in the design phase of modernization projects. Thus, a mountain crossing can be carried out on a combined road HSR – conventional railway (eg Câmpina – Predeal – Brașov) if you choose a solution for alignment with the tunnel, geometric shapes in the plan and profile (small slopes and large radii of curvature), high-speed lines.

Choosing to go directly to a feasibility study, as opposed to the initial procedure of a pre-feasibility study, depends on two considerations, namely:

1 – Possibility, according to Romanian legislation, to move directly to the feasibility study phase if the project is passed within the public transport public plan / investment program and

2- Reducing the time needed to reach the construction stage, bearing in mind that Romania is already behind the member states that have developed and are currently developing high-speed lines.

However, the strategy for implementing the feasibility study for the high-speed railway envisages the implementation of the feasibility study in two distinct phases.

A first stage dedicated to options analysis, during which general technical, economic, environmental and institutional/operational analyzes of the various forms are carried out to obtain the goal of connecting the two capitals Bucharest with a high-speed railway and Budapest. The second stage, if the first stage selects, as far as possible, the option of a high-speed rail line containing new parts, which will consist of detailed technical, economic and environmental analyzes to prepare documents for approval and bids. High Speed ​​Line Project.

*Note: Photo caption from the archive ZiarulUnirea.ro

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