The right to science and its development through the ages

Famous economist, one of the closest advisers to the former President of the French Republic, François Mitterrand, founder of four major international institutions for ten years (Action Against Hunger, Eureka, and Bosfit Planet And European Bank for Reconstruction and DevelopmentJack Attali is also the author of some highly influential books. Some of them have been translated into Romanian thanks to the efforts of some prominent publishing houses. Like being And Polyrum. I mention here important folders such as Food stories, a brief history of the futureJews, the world And the money. A brief overview of the economic history of the Jewish people or How to defend ourselves from future crises.

Mercia MorarioPhoto: personal archive

In 2021, Jacques Attali appeared in the prestigious publishing house Fayard (Really, Artemi Fayard- that the major publishers in France/survival become, in my opinion, a possible and tender subject of investigation), Media stories. Magda Janerino translated into Romanian (to which I remind you that we owe, among other things, the Romanian version of one of the most beautiful books of the last century- love talk By Roland Barthes), Atali’s book reached the Romanian reader with remarkable speed. The Romanian version is called Media stories It has the subtitle From smoke signals to social networks and beyond And I saw the light of day in the group collection m From Yash Publishing House Polyrum.

Now I’m getting over the debate about the right formula – social networking or social networking? But I notice that the term is in French histo It means history and story. Or that’s exactly Jack Attali’s book. A volume halfway between history and story. Numbers man, Atali got down to business using very strict documentation. In the Roman edition we find about 60 pages with appendices, a detailed bibliography as well as a very useful and valuable name index. A review of media history, a history that began somewhere around 30,000 years before Christ, is also done through self-participation, sometimes even with humor, detail, writing strategies, and polemics that make reading interesting.

The volume begins with the premise that since the beginning of his existence, man has wanted to know, to be informed, to have an idea of ​​what is happening to him and at least an idea of ​​what the future might hold. At first, the appearance of the horse, the wheel and the writing were very useful. Then props such as papyrus or paper. Even later, the invention of the press, newspapers, the idea of ​​\u200b\u200bthe press, news agencies, telegraph, telephone, radio, film and television came to support it. From the profession of a professional journalist. And finally, the invention of the Internet and social networks.

The people’s desire for knowledge was disliked by the upper classes who wanted to maintain their monopoly on information. Thus was born censorship of letters, mail and information. This explains why the state monopolized radio and television in the beginning. This also explains why one of the first goals of totalitarian regimes is to control the press with blood. Like those who do it. “If the press got out of hand, I would not be in power for three months,” Jacques Atali reminds us that Napoleon would have exclaimed, as the Emperor advised the Minister of Police to keep journalists in check. “I will not tolerate for a moment that the newspapers say anything against my interests.”

For a long time, the ruling classes received information, while the classes were led only by the news. A clear indication that fake news has existed since mankind, and it is a far cry from today’s invention. Just as there is no censorship. Here, for example, the teachings of Napoleon were well absorbed by the totalitarianism of both the right and the left, even those with a pseudo-democratic Polish. Now, as I write, I remember the moment when Ion Iliescu was not elected head of the Romanian state after the events of December 1989, but only the head of the FSN, he was trying to explain to us why it was not possible not only to have televisions in Romania independent, but also to resume broadcasting the channel 2 TVR. Or why was the newly installed force trying to put a muzzle in her mouth free romania And other media that revealed its true nature. I also remember why the same Eon Iliescu pretended to praise the shows free europe In Romanian, but only until December 1989, not the one that followed the revolution which was clearly unfavorable to him.

fake newsThey have existed, as I said, since the world and the earth. However, it intensified with the advent of the Internet and social networks later. As long as these networks are only a host and not a creator, that is, they are really responsible, that is, they are invested with a supposed responsibility for what goes on in the public space, there is not the slightest chance that things will happen. improvement. Moreover, a person liked not only to be informed, but also to be told what he wanted to hear. something like this Lie to me and tell me dear words.

In the last pages of the book, Jacques Attali attempts to predict the future of radio, print media, television, and social media. But also the quality of journalism or the profession of a journalist. The conclusions are not very optimistic, similar to the Chernyshevsky model, which was later captured by Lenin, asks Atali. what should be done. He gives advice and suggests solutions without being too optimistic about sticking with them. Read the full article and comment on Contribuotrs.ro

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