50 people died in the worst road accident in communism. The file, which melted at the time, is now reopened in Facts About the Past, TVR 1

Season 13 Facts About the Past begins at a time when knowledge of history is gaining epic proportions. After 8 years of first broadcasts and more than 130 documentaries, in Facts About the Past, the filmmakers continue to present themes and testimonies for the first time about what our lives in communism meant and highlight historical events, phenomena, and personalities that have fundamentally influenced the fate of Romanians for nearly 50 years old. Every Tuesday evening, after Telecinemateca, on TVR 1.

More than ever in recent years, a terrible hunger for truth haunts us. Although constant purging of memory is vital to survival and most of the time, people prefer to reconcile frank nostalgia with memories of a “companion” time and filter out small personal victories that have turned out along the way into survival techniques.

It will be presented this season Brezhnev era (The longest-lived Soviet leader after Stalin) and “The Making of the Soviet Man”; “Women in Security”; “Death Bus”– The reality of the worst traffic accident during the communist era. Arad Chariots – Ceausescu Coin Factory; Ceausescu’s most ambitious development project in the years of forced industrialization: atomic energy production in Romania; joy factory “Aradianka”; One of the best kept secrets of Romania during the communist period: the heavy water industry. “Trabant-mon amour” are just some of the topics I’ve been working on “Facts about the past”Season 13.

Three women who worked in the security service during the last years of the communist regime tell their story exclusively in Facts about the Past. It is a report on the banality of evil, and the story of the two women, a lieutenant and a non-commissioned officer in the State Security Administration, describes the position of many unrecognized graduates into the stereotype of an unscrupulous and abusive security guard whose actions endanger their lives. innocent. It remains for each of us to assess to what extent membership in a system, such as the communist security system, constitutes a form of complicity in evil or not.

On June 29, 1980, the worst road accident occurred in Romania during the communist period. An old and crammed bus overturned in a swamp under a bridge at the entrance to Botosani. In a terrible struggle for life, pulling each other to penetrate to the surface, from a depth of 9 meters, about 50 people died there. The accident occurred at 2:30 pm, and until the evening of the day of death, they were taken to Potochane with a dump truck and what was found in the area, washed with a hose and prepared for identification. The 9-meter-high swamp was completely closed and the traces of the accident erased.


The file of the worst traffic accident during the communist period has been dispelled. The authorities destroyed all documents, photographs, witness statements, experience and results of criminal investigations conducted at that time. 42 years after the event, not even those who took part in the investigation know the solution presented in this case. Survivors, witnesses, rescue workers and investigators of the case, whom no one has talked about for 4 decades, were interviewed for “Facts about the Past” at the Search for Answers service.

Perhaps one of the most ambitious development projects of the years of forced industrialization was the attempt to produce atomic energy in Romania. The idea emerged in the late 1950s and took more than 40 years to implement. The story of the “Roman Nuclear Project” will also be told in Facts about the Past.

On November 7, 1957, the first “earthy” entered the production line of a factory in the GDR. Over 3 million Trabant cars were produced at the Zwickau plant over time, and some of them reached the countries of the former socialist camp, including Romania. The Romanian car without significant resources offered the perfect combination. In addition to the relatively low price and consumption, the mechanical part was very simple and generous. Any malfunction can be addressed at home, provided that you have basic knowledge of mechanics and carefully read the technical book of the car. Four Trabant owners under communism, three men and a woman, all in their 60s, talk about the love of their life, a Trabant. Added to the comic events are real statements of devotion to the car that has become a symbol of the generation of the sixties, which I still drive with pleasure, although sometimes it has exceeded a million kilometers.

A legendary figure in Roman literature from the 1950s, Nikolai Lapich has remained in the memory of his contemporaries as a rebel influenced by genius. Lapp was not a poet of victorious communism. He believed to the point of fanaticism in a new age, in a new form of poetry, in a model of a new man meant by zeal. He remains a tragic figure through his cruel fate. Labi’s death, one night in December 1956, when he fell (pushed?) on a tram line in front of Bucharest’s Colțea Hospital, remains a mystery to this day. In Facts About the Past, the filmmakers reinterpret the life and death of this damned poet, exiled from the world in which he lived.

At the end of the 19th century, on the initiative of an Austrian industrialist, a factory was created, which would later be called the Arad Wagon Factory. There, passenger and freight wagons will be built under one roof. Since Romania came under the influence of the Soviet Union, the Arad Trolley Factory has become extremely important. The wagons produced there were essential for the movement of goods, both in the country and in the entire “communist camp” sponsored by Moscow. UVA was very important to the communist regime, because its exports brought in foreign exchange. Vehicles bearing the FABRICAT LA ARAD logo continue to travel the world. The story of the communist giant and what came out of it today will be told in Facts about the Past.

“Nadia” doll produced at the “Arădeanca” Toy Picture Museum, Q . magazine

And another story from Arad, the story of “The Wedding Factory”, “Arădeanca”. Until its establishment in 1949, children would play with toys that they themselves made or carved by their father, uncle or grandfather. The heads of the first generation of dolls produced in the country were made of pressed cardboard (cardboard), and their faces and hair were dyed in a decorative egg style. However, it is understood that the production of this unique factory did not cover the desires and dreams of all parents and children from all over Romania. Most of them passed the “conveyor belt” of the unions, which distributed them in packages intended for New Year’s Eve to children with notable parents in the production. The urban environment was given priority. In the 80s, almost all of the plant’s production was intended for export. Dolls from “Arădeanca” had a good time in the “bishops” practiced by Romanian tourists, especially in socialist countries. In 1989, the factory had 1,200 employees who produced dolls, medals, badges and sports cups. It was one of the few companies with a successful export plan. Arădeanca was the first and last toy manufacturer in Romania. After 2000, it remained the only doll factory in Europe, with the production of sex being monopolized by China and the United States. Currently, even the company’s website is down.

This season, Facts About the Past also showcases one of Romania’s biggest and best kept secrets, during the communist era: the heavy water industry. The first research into the Roman program began over 50 years ago. On August 9, 1976, in “Uzina G” in the province of Vâlcea, the first heavy water with a concentration of 99.9% was produced. So, Romania has become an important player in this field, and decision makers decided to switch to the production of heavy water of nuclear quality, on an industrial scale. Thus, Romania was able to solve the problem of energy independence on the nuclear line.

From May 3, the show team, Raluca Rogogeni– Director and Producer, Lavinia Petya’s specialist advisor; Roxana Taron, Raluka Beberi, Diana Diliano, directors Georgie Breda, Stefania Sheen Journalist and documentary filmmaker Lucia Zamfir provide true stories, in Season 13 of Facts About the Past.

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