Saint Pius Theophana Besrap, the first known Roman nun in history, was laid to rest in the Synagogue of Roman Saints. It will be celebrated on October 28

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The Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church announced, Thursday, the transfer of Saint Theophana Basarab from the contemporary Alputina (Vidin) monastery of Saint Iyer, to the Synaxarium of Roman Saints. Gregory Palamas and disciple of St. Cove. Theodosius Hesichast. She is the first known Roman nun in history. He has been ordained as a saint since the 16th century. XIV and mentioned as a saint in the Synod of Bulgarian lands. According to, the holiday will fall on October 28, when Romanians from Bulgaria and Serbian Timoc celebrate it.

She was born at the beginning of the fourteenth century in the family of its first founder Basarab I (1310-1352), and received the name Theodora at her baptism, where she received a chosen education, based on the love of God and neighbor..

Theodora Basarab married Ivan Alexandru (1331-1371), the future tsar of Bulgaria, with whom she had three sons and a daughter: Mikhail Asan, Ivan Strasimir, Ivan Asan and Vasilisa. He raised his children by instilling God’s love in them and caring for those around them. He lost two of his sons in the wars.

With her husband, Tsar Ivan Alexander, she founded monasteries and churches, and restored others, at a time when hesychia was in full swing.

Historians consider this period to be a period of cultural and spiritual renaissance for the Bulgarians, in which the peasant Teodora Basarab was an important factor in supporting and encouraging the construction of monastic settlements, the copying of books necessary for worship and the development of monasticism.

Her enthusiasm and devotion to God and the saints have been noted and recorded in writing by contemporaries as well.

In 1345, Tsar Ivan Alexander decided to separate from Theodora Basarab. Cast out from the imperial court, Theodora humiliates herself, and retires to a monastery to forsake the cares, intrigues, evils, and turmoil of this world and to serve the bridegroom with love and devotion.

Theodora Basarab chose to remain in Bulgaria in order not to spoil the relations between the two neighboring states, with which she was closely related, and thereby show wisdom and love for the Romanian and Bulgarian peoples.

Since Tsar Ivan Alexander knew and appreciated Saint Theodosius Hesichatus, a disciple of Saint Gregory of Sinai, we were justified in believing that the nun Theophanes Besrab also knew him and became his disciple, and learned from him obedience, charity, good worship, and prayer … to reason, the guidance that The great naughty gave it to those whom he taught in the spiritual life.

The pious activity and spiritual position of Theophanes impressed the inhabitants of the cities through which she passed, people loved her so much.

Today, after six centuries, the inhabitants of the Bulgarian and Serbian Timuk region still remember in the collective memory the deeds and needs of the pious Teufana Basarab, the Roman country that shone with faith and sacrifice in the Bulgarian land.

It is not known exactly when the religious Theophana Basarab died. According to the traditions passed down from generation to generation among the Romanians from the Bulgarians Timoc, she was buried in front of the altar of the rock-cut church of the Alputina Monastery, where she lived for a long time.

The pious Theophanes was buried with great honor, the people whom she served, commanded, and defended mourned for them as a true mother who preached the love and mercy of God.

To this day, the inhabitants of the Bulgarian and Serbian Timok region celebrate it on October 28 every year.

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On the chosen branch of the Bessarabias, who, during her holy life, shone brilliantly, like a worthy ruler of Bulgaria, and received the angelic face, for a long time, they had to watch and fast, the pious Theophanes, now worthy of all honor.

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Let us praise the pious Theophanes, on the offspring of the people of Bessarabia, for, having renounced vainglory and endured many troubles and sorrows, she took upon herself the needs of the hermit; Let us sing to her: Rejoice, O mother, praise!

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