Representatives of the Hospital “Victor Pepto” from Timisoara have published a series of information regarding what we need to do to avoid ticks, but also a series of tips for the situation in which we meet them. The material was made by Dr. Daniela Mihalcia, an infectious disease doctor.
With the arrival of spring and heat, more and more people began to “migrate” to the open spaces, in the middle of nature, away from the chemical and noise pollution of urban areas.
This is the period of extreme popularity for picnics, going out on the “green lawn”, barbecues, when, after a long and “dark” winter, the need for fresh air and the happy “chirps” of the forest manifests itself in force.
Ticks are external parasites. They feed on the blood of the host body (humans or various animals). Hundreds of species of ticks are known in the world, but 30 species have been identified in Romania.
However, it must be said that only a few of these transmit diseases to humans. The most common species in our country is Ixodes Ricinus.
Ticks are found in grassy areas and high humidity (forests, parks, meadows, shrubs). Infection in humans occurs seasonally, during the period when the tick is active, from April to November.
The tick reaches the human skin in search of a “convenient” area for installation, at a time that can last up to a few hours. The size of the tick increases when it feeds on blood.
Through the sting, she inserts her head under the skin, a tubular-shaped mouth part, which on both sides has pliers, which have the role of fixing. Ticks can eliminate various pathogens through saliva.
Measures to prevent exposure to ticks
Avoid areas known to have high exposure to ticks
wear light-colored clothing on green grass to make it easier to see ticks; Cover your arms and legs, and pull your socks over your pants; Light-coloured shoes without eyelets or eyelets
Use picnic blankets and beds and color them in light colors
When hiking, go halfway, and avoid touching the plants around your body
Use insect repellents and tick sprays (beware contraindications for pregnant women and children)
For long trips, an insecticide containing 0.5% permethrin can be used on clothing, shoes, and equipment.
If you sleep outdoors, on the ground, or in a tent, use insect nets around the bed and a protective foil.
When you get home, carefully check your belongings, clothes, and especially your pets.
I wash every day. While taking a shower, check carefully for ticks, especially in the soft parts, with smooth skin (under the arms, behind the ears, between the legs, behind the knees, the umbilical cord, the scalp). If necessary, you can check with a mirror or a magnifying glass.
Treat used clothing in potentially tick-contaminated areas by washing and drying for at least 1 hour using hot/hot air.
Early identification of ticks on the body is recommended to reduce the risk of developing a tick bite disease:
- To transmit Lyme disease, ticks must be fixed and fed for at least 24-72 hours
- The virus that causes tick-borne encephalitis is transmitted from the moment the tick begins to feed.
1. It is recommended that ticks be completely removed/removed in the emergency room of an emergency hospital, by a medical surgeon, and as soon as possible after a tick bite.
It is important to completely remove the tick without tearing the back of the body and keeping the head stuck in the wound.
2. After tick removal, it is recommended to consult an infectious disease service to assess the appropriateness of antibiotic prophylaxis.
Do not attempt to use heat or other substances to neutralize the tick. It can go deeper into the skin, release more saliva, or spill stomach contents from the tick into the wound, increasing the risk of infection, hospital officials said.
How to get rid of ticks at home
In the event that you cannot contact the medical service, you can remove the tick with forceps with a thin tip at an angle; The tweezers are installed as close as possible to the lancet access point. Shoot slowly, evenly, and as straight as possible, without twisting, being careful not to crush the tick.
Then disinfect it with soap and water, then put an antiseptic solution. The rescuer’s hands are protected by gloves or gauze.
Use the forceps to pull her head as close to her skin as possible. Pull slowly and steadily until the skin tick is gone.
The tick should be removed easily by turning and avoiding pulling the abdomen between the fingers, which helps the passage of Borrelia from the salivary glands into the wound.
How to remove matches:
Ticks are attracted to the smell of phosphorous in stick sticks, so they will exit voluntarily.
Moisten the tip of the match and make circles with it around the place where the tick is stuck, as close to it as possible. The insect will extract its head on its own in just a few seconds and will climb up on the match after smelling the phosphorous.
If the tick test result is negative (it does not contain bacteria), then there is no need for treatment with antibiotics.
Tick removal with lard:
Cover the tick with lard. It will come out on its own due to lack of air, in 2-3 minutes.
If it doesn’t work, repeat the process.
If the tick’s head remains inside, see a doctor.
See study: Romania is a risk area for tick-borne diseases in humans. What do we do in case of a sting?
Ticks can cause Lyme disease. How does it manifest?
It is an infectious, joint, nervous and heart disease, the factor of which is a germ of the family of spirochetes (Borrelia burgodoferi – transmitted by tick bites).
Lyme disease initially manifests as fever and joint and muscle pain. After that, symptoms of inflammation of the nervous system, heart and joints appear.
The last stage of symptoms may appear a few years after the bite, with chronic rheumatism of the joints and brain damage.
Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics in its early stages, but it can have lifelong sequelae.
Image source: pexels.com, illustrative role
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