Franchise Day is celebrated Tuesday 10 May in Alba Iulia through a series of events. Beginning at 10:30, in the castle square in Alba Iulia, the Tree of the Royal Flag will be erected, preceded by the historical revival of the moment made by historian Dr. Theodor Radu. The moment will culminate with a representation by the Alba County Marching Ensemble, which will sing the royal anthem and the national anthem of Romania.
Starting at 11.00 in the Union Hall, a plaque entitled “The Coronation of King Ferdinand and Queen Maria. 1922”.
It was brought to Alba Iulia after a partnership between the Kulterra Gallery in Bucharest and the Federation National Museum. Its author is Elena Priya, a young but highly regarded painter from Chisinau. With this work, the artist graduated from the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, in 2018, on the centenary of the Union.
The canvas also impresses with its dimensions, 300 x 400 cm, approximating in a classical academic manner, the key moment of Alba Yulia’s coronation.
From 12.00, also in the Union Hall, the May exhibition entitled “Royal Jubilee” will open. Color lithography with the royal family on the occasion of the fourth decade of the reign of Carol I”.
On this occasion, a color lithograph titled “40 Years of the Glorious Reign of His Majesty King Carol I” will be on display.
In great proportions, the work is a mixture of photography and painting, representing the royal family – King Carol and Queen Elizabeth, Crown Prince Ferdinand and Princess Mary, with their children – Carol (future King Carol II), Elizabeth, Maria and Nicholas, in place with Peles Palace in the background , combined with allegorical elements glorifying the Roman monarchy.
The work was completed in 1906, when Romania and the Royal House celebrated the 40th anniversary of the inauguration of Carol I.
The last event of the day will also take place in the Federation Hall, where, from 13.00, there will be a round table on the theme of the property in Romania.
Inside it, the historians of the Alba Iulia Museum (Ioana Urso, Ionella Mercia, Todor Roo and Drago Urso) will present a series of lectures on key moments in the history of the Romanian royal family.
At these events, organized by the Alba County Council, the National Museum of the Alba Iulia Confederation, the Alba Iulia City Hall and the Alba Cultural Center “Augustin Pena”, general admission is free.
May 10 marks three important moments in Romania’s history: the beginning of the reign of Carol I, the country’s independence, and the coronation of the country’s first king. Since 2015, May 10th is considered a public holiday by decision of the House of Representatives.
May 10, Kings Day, was Romania’s national day from 1866 to 1947, until the Communists came to power.
During the communist regime, the May 10 holiday was erased from the collective memory, and when it came to independence, the speech of Mikhail Kugelnisano from Parliament, which he gave on May 9, was recalled.
May 10 is King’s Day, celebrated primarily by the royal family, and since 2015, through a bill adopted by the House of Representatives, May 10 is also a national holiday, according to historyia.ro.
Royal Day: May 10, 1866, Carol Hohenzollern Sigmaringen arrives in Romania
The first significance of May 10 relates to the arrival in Romania of Carol de Hohenzollern Sigmaringen in 1866.
With the approval of the French Emperor Napoleon III and the King of Prussia, Wilhelm I, Prince Carol set out for Romania at the end of April 1866. He left Sigmaringen Castle near Düsseldorf and crossed Switzerland and Austria. On May 8, he reached Turnu Severin by boat, and on May 10, 1866, he entered Bucharest.
Thus began a reign of 48 years, the longest in history. It is the period when May 10 enters the consciousness of the Romans as a national and dynastic holiday.
Kings Day: May 10, 1877, Romania’s independence from the Ottoman Empire
One of the most important moments of Carroll’s reign was the achievement of Romania’s independence from the Ottoman Empire, an act that earned him immense prestige.
On May 10, 1877, the Romanian Senate voted to declare independence from the Ottoman Empire. The War of Independence, or the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, benefited from a decisive contribution from Romanian forces, effectively led by Carroll.
At the same time, the Congress of Berlin, since 1878, consecrated the absolute independence of Romania from the Ottoman Empire.
Royal Day: May 10, 1881, the coronation of Prince Carol
The declaration of independence on May 10, 1877 is the main argument that some historians claim that the national holiday of Romania today should be on May 10.
Other historians are less frank, but point out that May 10 should be classified as one of the most glorified in national history.
This is because on May 10, 1881, Parliament voted to turn the country from a principality into a kingdom, and Prince Carol was crowned King of Romania.
As a national holiday, May 10 was celebrated by all Romanians, who took part in the famous flower-throwing on the road.
The celebration of May 10 was banned for the first time in 1917 by the German occupation, and for the second time by the communist regime, following the forced abdication of King Michael in 1947.
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