List of targets in Romania in the UNESCO World Heritage List

The mining landscape of Rocia Montagne was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List on Tuesday. What are Romania’s World Heritage goals? The list was opened by recording the Danube Delta in 1991 as a natural site. Romania’s second natural site inscribed in the UNESCO heritage is the secular and virgin beech forests of the Carpathians. The World Heritage Site also includes six cultural sites in our country.

Danube DeltaPhoto: Hotnews

Natural sites included in the UNESCO World Heritage List:

  • Danube Delta
  • Secular and virgin beech forests in the Carpathians and other regions of Europe

Cultural sites included in the UNESCO World Heritage List:

  • Churches in Moldova
  • Horizu Monastery
  • Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania
  • Dacian Castles in the Orăştiei . Mountains
  • Historical center of Sighisoara
  • Wooden Churches of Maramureş

Churches of Moldova – Registration year: 1993 and 2010

  • 1. Church of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist in Arbor
  • 2. The Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin and St. George in the El Fakah Monastery
  • 3. Church of the Annunciation of the Moldavia Monastery
  • 4. Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross of Pătrăuţi
  • 5. “Svantul Georgian” Church of the “Svantul Iwan Cel No” Monastery of Suceava
  • 6. Svantul Georgi Church in Voronezh Monastery
  • 7. Church of the Resurrection of God in Sucevita Monastery
  • 8. Church of “St. Nicholas” in Propota Monastery

The impetus for the inclusion of these Moldovan churches in the World Heritage List is due to the uniqueness of the groups of external murals, which were designated by their spread over the entire surface of the tower and walls, by the coherence and unity of the iconographic programme, by theological meanings with the multiple nuances of their message. , by the perfect method of combining basic fresco with “Siko” finish. At the same time, the inner panel is distinguished by the exceptional plastic quality of each assembly. Within the confines of a predetermined iconographic programme, icon painters and painters of Moldova present the nuances and plastic solutions that give an unmistakable character to the collections created between the last decades of the fifteenth century and the middle of the sixteenth century.

Horizu Monastery

The monastic complex Hurezi (Hurez, Hurezu, Horez) of Romanii de Jos is located in the north of the province of Oltenia, about 5 km from the DN 67 national road, which connects Râmnicu Vâlcea and Târgu-Jiu. Al-Hurayzi Monastery is the largest and most developed monastic group in Wallachia. By its architectural and artistic elements, it is unique not only in Roman architecture, but also in Southeast Europe, a post-Byzantine composition faithful to Orthodox traditions, built according to the principles of arrangement of the Italian Renaissance and typical monasteries. Mount Athos.

The Horizi Monastery, founded by Prince Constantin Brankovino (1688-1714), began in 1690, was supplemented and expanded by the abbots in several stages: 1734 – 1735, 1829 – 1854, 1854 – 1873.

The “Great Church”, dedicated to the holy Emperors Constantine and Helen, was destined to become a tomb for the family of Constantin Brankovino. At that time, Hurezii became a great art center around which the “Brâncovenesc style” was born, a reference model, with a wide range of interpretations, even after 1800.

Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania – Year of registration: 1993, 1999

Under this title, seven regions are included in the World Heritage List, their common feature is the preservation of the historical structure and the image, associated with the presence of a fortified church, on the territory of the settlement, typical of this architectural phenomenon typical of Saxon colonization. villages in Transylvania.

  • 1. Kalini rural location
  • 2. Brigmer Countryside
  • 3. Viscri Countryside
  • 4. Dargio Countryside
  • 5. Sashes Countryside
  • 6. Birtan rustic location
  • 7. Valea Viilor Countryside

Although each fortified church is a special defensive solution, they can be classified into three types:

  • 1. Fortified churches, typical of the flat area of ​​the Parsi lane, have defensive structures arranged almost exclusively on the fence, where the church is little or no fortified. The most authentic picture of this type of fortification is provided by the fortified church in Premiere.
  • 2. Fortified churches, typical of mountainous regions, have defensive elements arranged approximately evenly in the church and buildings. The churches were restructured: the side aisles were dismantled, the defensive floors were erected above the main nave, the western tower was reduced to a small building and the choir was fixed by a fortress. The church was surrounded by a fortified wall.
  • Remarkable is the complexity of the defensive arrangements of the church of Valea Viilor and the triple circle of the church of Birtan. In Viscri, fortification in the most equal and harmonious way includes both the circle and the church.
  • Third. Miniature churches, which appeared at the end of the 15th century, are the last stage in the development of church fortifications. Churches were built from the beginning with many defensive structures and less fortified enclosures. The first chapel was built in Sachis in 1496.

The method of protecting communities by fortifying churches was taken over by the Szekler settlements in the vicinity, an example of this influence being the fortified church of Dârjiu.

Dacian forts in the Orăştiei Mountains – Year of registration: 1999

1. Sarmizegetusa Regia – Mountain Kindergarten

2. Dacian Castle of Costeşti Cetăţuia

3. Dacian Castle of Costeşti Blidaru

4. Dacian Lucani-Piatra Roşie . Castle

5. Daqian fortress from the intersection

6. Dacian Castle of Căpâlna

Sighisoara Historical Center – Registration year: 1999

Wooden Churches of Maramuri Village – Year of Registration: 1999

  • 1. The entrance to the church to the Church of Our Lady (Barsana)
  • 2 – St. Nicholas Church (Bodetti)
  • 3 – Church of St. Parasheva (Desești)
  • 4. Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God (Ieud-Deal)
  • 5. Church of the Archangel (Poplar)
  • 6. Church of St. Parasheva (Poienile Izei)
  • 7. Church of the Archangel (Rogoz)
  • 8. Archangel Church

In Maramures there are some of the most representative monuments of wooden architecture in our country, and they are true masterpieces of this kind, being undoubtedly one of the pinnacles of the art of building from wood on our continent.

Romania also has 7 items on the List of Intangible Heritage:

  • gag ritual,
  • doina
  • horizo ​​pottery
  • Carol Mist Men,
  • Tico boy (boys game)
  • Traditional carpet making (traditional bark-making techniques in Romania and the Republic of Moldova)
  • Martisor (traditional practices associated with March 1)

(Source: National Heritage Institute)

Leave a Comment