The water reserve of the wheat crop in the fall, on the soil profile of 0-100 cm, will be within low and especially low limits in Moldova and Krishna, most of Montania and Dobrogia, locally in Central, Southern and Eastern Transylvania, southern, central and eastern Oltenia, as well as in North and Northwest Banat.
According to the specialized forecasts issued by the National Meteorological Administration (ANM) for the period from 14 to 20 May, in the mentioned areas there is moderate, strong and even severe drought.
On the other hand, in Maramures, North, East and South Oltenia, North, Northwest, West and South Montenia, Northeast and West Banat, South Dobrogia, North, South, isolated in southwest Transylvania, protected soil water will show satisfactory values, isolated near optimum and optimum.
“The degree of soil water supply in the 0-20 cm layer, in the maize crop, will be within satisfactory limits to approach the optimum and optimum level, in Maramures, Krishana and Oltenia, most of Transylvania, Moldova and Montania., locally in Northeast and West Banat, in Central and South Dobrogia. It will occur. Soil moisture deficits (moderate, severe and severe drought) locally in northern, central and eastern Dobrogia, north and northwest Banat, north and northeast, southern isolated Moldova, northeastern, northeastern and southeastern Montania, and eastern Transylvania”, ANM forecasts.
In general, the hydrothermal regime of air and soil will be suitable for development in good conditions for growth and development processes, both for field crops and for vineyards, in most parts of the country. Also, in plain areas, the vegetative rhythms of spring crops planted at the optimal time will be able to develop a little more intensively, especially on lands with good water supply from the soil.
Thus, for crops of barley and winter wheat established in the optimum period, it will be possible to complete the elongation of the straw (90-100%), and at the same time to continue in the “blower” and harvesting phases (10-100%) and in the late sowing elongation prevails straw (30-100%).
Rapeseed undergoes flowering (70-100%) and flowering (50-100%), the most advanced of which are crops from the south and southeast of the country in the composition of celandine and silica (10-80%) .
Depending on the sowing date and how quickly the hybrids are, weed species (sunflower and corn) will complete germination (100%), with continued emergence (10-100%) and the development of the first pair of true leaves (30-100%) as well as foliage. (3-8 sheets). The vegetation condition of crops will be good and medium, respectively, medium and poor in late sowing and in soils with a moderate lack of soil moisture.
Also, in the main specialized complexes, sugar beets will report emergence (10-100%) and development of the first pair of leaves (10-60%), potatoes for consumption, and emergence (50-100%). ) and the formation / increase of lateral shoots (10-25%).
Fruit trees will be in bud growth, leaf and fruit formation and growth in most farms. Also, early cherry varieties will go through the growth of fruits, and in isolation from each of them it will be possible to record ripening in the “lever”. In all vineyards, the vine will continue to grow leaves and buds, as well as form inflorescences.
According to NMA specialists, agrometeorological conditions would be optimal for seasonal agricultural work (preparation of germination beds, sowing / planting of spring crops, phytosanitary treatments in vineyards and orchards, fertilization, herbicides, mechanical / manual plowing, etc.), these are only paused On rainy days.
From a thermal point of view, the range will be characterized by higher than normal air temperature in most parts of the country. The average daytime air temperature will be between 13 and 25 ° C, positive thermal deviations will be 1-7 ° C, in all areas of the culture. The maximum air temperature will be between 21 and 32 °C, in most areas, the minimum will be between 4 and 18 °C, and the lowest possible value in the depressions.
The average diurnal soil temperature at a depth of 10 cm will fluctuate between 13 and 26 ° C across the country, the optimal values \u200b\u200bof the vegetative stages of spring crops established in the optimal season. From the point of view of precipitation measurement, meteorologists for the mentioned period expected local rains of the nature of heavy rain, accompanied by electrical discharges and intensification of winds, isolated with the appearance of a storm, as well as hail.
Locally, the quantities of water may have been more important from an agricultural point of view, especially at the beginning of the period.
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