In the “History of Dobrogia”, the volume signed by the late professors Adrián Rodolescu and Ion Petuliano, we find a coherent chapter dedicated to the return of the Transdona Province to the Motherland, with all the documentary details of this key moment in the historical development of the Roman space.
Impressive are the manifestations of enthusiasm among the inhabitants of the Dobrogia provinces, who with joy and unlimited hopes greeted the troops of the Roman army, accompanied by chants, triumphal arches and tricolor flags:
“Between November 14-18, 1878, Dopugia experienced historic moments when the first units of the Romanian army arrived at Papadag, Tulcea and Constanta.
The first column crossed the Danube at Maasen, arriving at Babadag on 17 November. With shouts of joy and cheers, the residents, led by the local authorities, welcomed the troops from the Toprak-Kyuberi bridge outside the village, and welcomed them. For the first time, the tricolor flew over the famous city, one of the pillars of Ottoman rule, the seat of the Serach on the Danube, the power of which for many centuries all neighboring countries feared.
Great festivities were held in Tulcea, on November 18. Witnesses of the events reported that representatives of the nationalities, led by their clergy, sat, around noon, on both sides of the stationary road, from the sidewalk to the entrance to the cathedral. Thousands of residents of the town and neighboring towns were waiting along the sidewalk. At 2 in the afternoon the ships arrived in front of the harbor, and at 3 in the afternoon.
At the time when the first Roman soldiers set foot in Dobrogea, “a great number of the population enjoyed great enthusiasm” – as the telegrams of the time said (Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, vol. 101, file 71, D4, 1878, p. 356) – they were greeted with an indescribable feeling Where they fulfilled their old dreams of freedom, unity and national pride.
In front of the first Arc de Triomphe, citizen Costach Poambo, the oldest dignitary of Romania, presented the commander with traditional bread and salt, and addressed the soldiers, on behalf of the population, a fiery patriotic speech of welcome. Young girls decorated the tricolor flag with wreaths and people greeted them with their heads uncovered.
These days, all ethnic communities sent telegrams of congratulations to the Romanian government, expressing their support for the historical work in which they were engaged, as well as their sincere faith in their new homeland.
And surely many people thought of the message contained in the ruler’s proclamation, addressed to the people of Dobrogia, and permeated with the feeling that this act was just and irreversible, and in keeping with their own interests. “We do not enter your borders as occupiers – as stated in the document – but, as you know, much Roman blood was spilled in order to liberate the peoples on the right bank of the Danube. Stephen the Great is now part of Romania” (Dobrogia, Fifty Years of Roman Life , p. 345).
An enthusiastic reception was given to the arrival of troops in Constanta on November 23. The city, as everywhere, was decorated with the Roman tricolor, and in the port hundreds of flags of the Great Pavilion were raised on the masts of the ships of different countries. According to the telegrams of that time, more than 5,000 people, who enthusiastically demonstrated for the Roman state, took part in the festivities on the occasion of this historical event. The warmth with which the troops were received on the mission of the utmost importance entrusted to them is also explained.
From the very beginning, the units were scattered throughout Dobrogia, in order to eliminate chaos, restore the safe life and security of the residents. Sufferings, shortcomings, and even human sacrifices infrequently suffered in the new province of the country, where it established the standards of civilized state life.
Summing up all these aspects, it can be said that the return of Dobrogia to Romania was prepared and carried out with the will of the vast majority of the population themselves, despite the lack of a very favorable international situation, since the nation-state had to act forcefully to defend its rights. In official public manifestations organized by Romanians and representatives of other nationalities, before the inauguration of the Romanian administration and outside its existence, the expressions of self-determination and the right of choice in the affiliation of the citizen can be determined.
The fact that after the union, thousands of residents of different nationalities returned to Dobrogea to become, without restrictions, Roman citizens underlines how this fact could not be better.
On the other hand, in the image of triumphal arches laden with the last flowers of Autumn Dobrogan, in allegorical paintings with the themes of Roman history, in tricolor flags decorated with wreaths, in the cheers of people from everywhere, meanings can be found alarmingly close to the great popular assemblies that agreed Over the course of four decades, with the totality of the national will, the unity of the state was completed.
# Read more at – “The History of Dobrogia”de Adrian Rădulescu and Ion Bitoleanu
# “The History of Dobrogia”
#Authors Adrian Rădulescu and Ion Bitoleanu
If, 123 years ago, the pioneer of Romanian culture in Dobrogia, Pietro Vulcan, opened the first public library in Constana, on November 23, 2017, by an honorable coincidence, then the daily newspaper ZIUA de Constanţa, aware of its role in the Dobrogia cultural land, inaugurated the first Digital Library – Fund for Documentary Films “Dobrogia Yesterday and Today”.
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image source: Illustration from “History of Dobrogia”, by Ion Pettuliano and Adrian Rodolescu
# DobrogeaDigital: Extremist currents in Dobrogea