I often noticed in my acquaintances at least a strange perception. When we meet, we talk about everything, like all ordinary people. About science, forgotten characters, ideas that caught on or didn’t exist in history… One of those things that everyone talks about, that I’m talking about with you, is that someone still comments, vigilantly, that we’re with clickbait.
Messi and CopernicusPhoto: Jose Britton/NoorPhoto/Shutterstock Editorial/Provimedia, Provimedia Images
Well of course! How can we not be? If mathematics, astronomy, anthropology, chemistry, the Renaissance, or the Enlightenment don’t break the audience, forgive me, but I really don’t know what it can do. Please wait and see when people enter the Middle Ages and thinkers of that time! I’m not even talking about animal husbandry, agricultural engineering and the role of compost in increasing productivity per hectare of tomatoes. We’re going to get more views We’re going to disable HotNews servers, and these people are punishing me + beating me up. Finally, I warned you, but let’s not forget the idea I started with, this strange concept.
The truth is that in some of my interlocutors I noticed the following idea … Respectively, from time to time a genius is born on the planet who comes and revolutionizes science, and you wonder what he eats and what he smokes, who was a thousand years ahead of the others. Well, no one denies the existence of geniuses. They were, and I hope they are, and will continue to express themselves.
My problem was that none of these geniuses were born all of a sudden, out of nowhere, nor did they get us out of the Stone Age.
Da Vinci could not have been born in the Paleolithic. Well, that’s the error! We see? To keep things simple, and with her passion for superheroes, the world forgets about all those who paved the way for great ideas and concepts. It’s like football. Everyone accepts Messi because he got him in trouble, but forgets that the entire team, from coach to sidekick, worked hard for him.
And this is how we come to the concrete issue, which I wanted to reveal today. In short, the Polish Prussian Nicholas Copernicus. A great man, a great character, he did a lot of good and useful things for people. Among them, we will include the heliocentric theory, that is, in which the Sun is at the center of the solar system and the planets revolving around it.
Don’t get me wrong! No one disputes Copernicus’ enormous contribution to science. Man has given birth to a scientific revolution. In any case, he allowed the idea of heliocentrism to spread, and explained it in an educated but secretive way, among the intelligentsia of the time, many years before it was officially published. He also put it on the market, under the name “De Revolutionibus orbium coelestium”, but this is before his death, around 1543, to put him through the Inquisition and leave those with swollen lips.
However, the problem was with those before him, who were unjustly left on the bench of posterity, although they also contributed to this success.
So, Copernicus had a teacher. Domenico de Ferrara on his behalf. He was supervised by Johannes Müller, who had studied books with Johannes von Gmunden, a pupil of Heinrich von Langenstein, another promising boy, as described by his teacher, Nicole Orsme. Orsim also had Jean Bourdain, the owner of the donkey, as his mentor, and so did we risk getting to the Neanderthal. But we’ll stop here, because you came up with the idea! Most of them studied astronomy, mathematics and philosophy, and all their ideas were transferred from one to another, even Copernicus.
Again, we’re not going to take everyone’s hand because we’re not upset. But there is still one worth mentioning. And this is Johannes Müller (1436-1476), also called Regiomontanus, a pseudonym (“de Monteregio”) referring to his hometown, Königsberg. In short, because I was already longing for a fasting day, Muller was one of those geniuses from whom the whole idea of the day came. At the age of 21, he was already a “teacher” of science, and had already begun work on optics, ancient literature, philosophy, mathematics and astronomy. There was something terrifying about that, too.
In mathematics, he excelled in trigonometry, becoming the first violin in this field in Europe that the ancient Greeks did not see. He also printed the first scientific publication on the continent, although the print edition has only just appeared. Together with a friend of his, Bernhard Walther, You Don’t Know Him, he founded the first astronomical observatory in Europe, circa 1472, in Nuremberg.
As a detail, he worked for three years at the court of Mate Corvin, on an astronomical paper, only to build an astrolabe there and to issue order through manuscripts collected by the kings of Hungary. Altogether, that’s what we, Muller, started from, based on the observations made at that observatory, and not only that, he started to grumble about geocentrism. The secretly circulated document, which is attributed to him, refers to heliocentrism about 30 years before Copernicus. In any case, it no longer mattered, it is certain that the man, through his pupil, Domenico da Ferrara, implanted Copernicus in his head and this idea.
Now, be very careful not to be deceived by those who say that Müller met Copernicus personally and that he tutored the latter! He did it effectively, but indirectly. When Regiomontanus entered the world of the Righteous because of the plague, Copernicus was only three years old. At most, she could have taught him not to spin on his axis on the potty. All in all, you got the idea. Applaud the stars, that’s commendable, but don’t forget the coaches!