#Read Dobrogia: Communist propaganda on the Danube Channel

In order to achieve the goal set by Moscow, the full participation of all social classes was required.

The number of engineers was insufficient, out of 172 scheduled engineers, 88 engineers participated in the work and only 72 technicians out of the 139 supplied. There is an urgent need for specialists. They did not exist and improvisations were often used.

Civilian personnel were recruited through offices in the province of Constanta, but also in other provinces of the country, such as Timiشوارoara, Braشوفov, Prahova, Cluj, Iai, Maurice. Hiring 7,400 workers by July 1949 was very difficult, and those who agreed to work in the canal were given promises of housing and careers.

The number of civilian workers in 1949 was 13,309 (in September), reaching 11,770 on October 30. On June 30, 1950 the number of civilian workers was 13,048 and on September 30 it was 12,203. In 1951, the number of civilians fluctuated between 10,000 and 15,000, in 1952 – 7,033 workers in February and 12,552 in September, so in 1953 there were: in the first quarter – 11650, in the second quarter – 13750, in the third quarter – 14150, and in the fourth quarter – 11150.

The canal commander wondered, through the representative of the party, whether the class enemy who was sabotaging the works, was not behind these exodus of workers. In addition to workers’ complaints, there was a shortage of food and protective equipment and accommodation in unheated barracks. There is an acute shortage of specialists, which has made it difficult to advance in work.

Artistic teams had a well-defined purpose, namely to attract talented young people, but also to represent a model for others. Through them the party can send important messages to the workers. These messages often instilled in them the desire to work towards self-improvement in order to fulfill their monthly or annual plans.

The press and ideological books played an important role in the authorities’ attempt to educate in the communist spirit. In fact, the printing and distribution of periodical and non-periodic publications in Romania, theatrical performances and films, were coordinated by the Allied (Soviet) High Command.

The channel leadership, together with some local or central communist leaders, held regular meetings to discuss plans to be implemented and to participate in field visits.

The closure of the business in 1953 had several factors, including a lack of necessary equipment, the death of the Soviet leader and the state’s economic inability to support large-scale business.

The resumption of the idea of ​​continuing to build the canal goes back to the new communist leader, Nicolae Ceausescu, who is interested in showing the capitalists the power and availability of the working class. The equipment used in the works was of Roman origin, with the aim of demonstrating the capacity and complete independence of the Roman economy, and not, as happened during the works of the First Channel.

The channel’s achievement was also received abroad, whether in the press or through news agencies. We mention some of them: “International Press Agency”, “Agence France Presse”, “DNA Agency” (German RD), “MTI” agencies, “TASS”, “Reuter”, “Taniug”, “New China”, newspapers such as: “Berliner Zeitung”, “Neues Deutschland”, “Nepszabadsag”, “Magyar Nemzet”, “La Suisse”, “Corierre de la Sera” and others.

Metaphors abound in Nicolae Ceausescu’s speech on the occasion of the opening of the canal, such as:epic masterpiece”, “The main artery of cooperation and friendship between peoples”And the “New Man Training School”.

The communist regime set bold economic goals, many of which, including the Danube Canal and the Black Sea, did not achieve their goal, as they were in some view “of dubious value” in this respect.

The same idea is shared by another author who considers the Danube Canal and the Black Sea, the most ambitious construction project ever in Romania, with works on a larger scale than those of the Suez Canal or the Panama Canal, but hardly ever used. , to some extent its capacity.

Propaganda played a very important role in achieving the goals proposed by the leaders during both Stalinism and National Communism.

selective bibliography

SJANC, Fund of the Directorate General of the Danube and Black Sea Canal, File 30 / 1951-1952
SJANC, Photo Library Fund of the General Directorate of the Danube and Black Sea Canal, File 7/1953
SJANC, Photo Library Fund of the General Directorate of the Danube and Black Sea Canal, File 9/1953
***Tom is. Censored / Uncensored. Documentary Testimonies (1967-1977). Edition by Virgil Koeman and Nicoleta Gregor, Tomis Publishing, Constanta, 2007
Oana Tataru, Speech by Nicolae Ceausescu at the opening of the Danube and Black Sea Canal. political linguistics analysisin the Danube-Black Sea Canal between History, Reality and Perspectives, Ex Ponto Publishing House, Constanţa, 2008
Vlad Georgescu, History of the Romans. From its origins to the present dayHumanitas Publishing House, Bucharest, 1995
Peter Siani Davies, Romanian Revolution in December 1989Humanitas Publishing House, Bucharest, 2006

About Adrian Ilie:
BA and MA in History – “Ovidius” University of Constanta, Head of Promotion Department.
Ph.D. in History and Postgraduate Courses – University of Bucharest.
Deputy Director of the National Military College “Alexandro Ioan Koza” Constanta (2020) / “Constantin Brankoy” Medgidia High School (2017-2019).
Methodist, Head of the Educational Department and Member of the Shura Council (ISJ Constana).
Author of numerous works and monographs on Medgidia and Dobrogea.
Author of studies and books on methodology and management.
Member of the National History Committee for the Middle East
Member of the Romanian Society for Historical Sciences.
Member of the cultural association “Mohamed Niazi” Medgidia.
Member of the working groups to realize the school programs of the gymnasium within the MEN (History/History of the Turkish Minority in Romania).
Member of the Medgidia Historical Archeology Committee.
Historic Show Producer – Historic Landmarks – Alpha Media TV (2013-2018).
Awards obtained for publishing activity.
The 2017 Virgil Koeman Prize, awarded by the Romanian Society for Historical Sciences.

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# Read Dobrogia Nationalization of goods and productive activities in Constanta, during the communist regime

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