If I were to summarize in a few words what I consider to be worth remembering about the Transylvanian School, with reference to the event that took place yesterday, I would say that the ideological and cultural movement of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries equaled the privilege of our school of national consciousness.
The idea of Latinity was older in our historiography, and was present in the Moldavian historians and Dmitriy Kantemir, but the remarkable feature of the Bishops of Transylvania was that they gave a popular dimension to this pronoun, as they taught the Transylvanian Romans that there was no Venetian. in those lands. They should not feel deprived of the nation (that is, of noble origin). On the contrary, they came from a people famous for its achievements (the Roman colonies brought by Trajan at the beginning of the second century in the province of Dacia), which presented the world with classical culture. Therefore, the Romans claimed the old rights (which they were denied after the Poblana uprising, 1473, by the charter of the Unio Trium Nationum) and had new aspirations, which came on the open road to European Enlightenment: equal treatment with other nations that made part of the Habsburg Empire and liberation from through culture. They are therefore claims rooted in the principles of freedom and equality under national law and the social contract.
In short, the Transylvanian School meant the movement for the cultural and social advancement of the Romanians from Transylvania, with spread in both Moldova and Wallachia; It also meant the Latin alphabet, the establishment of the grammar of the language, the enrichment of the vocabulary by appropriation of new terms from the Romance languages, the establishment of schools, the printing of textbooks, almanacs, and scholarly circular books, to which identity is added a corollary of this movement, and the continuity in the north of the Danube and the ethnic unity of all Romanians.
The predecessors of the Transylvanian school, and its chief representatives – Samuel Miko, Jorge Shinkai, Petro Mayor, Ioan Boday-Diliano – as well as their successors, the heroes of the Basuptist generation, had some distinguishing features: they were lovers of the countryside and writers, multilingual and tireless in their efforts. For the cultural and national liberation of the people from which they grew up.
But for us today, what significance could the Transylvanian School have?
The uprising of the Romans from Transylvania was carried out by the diligence of monks and teachers trained in Rome and Vienna, who fought for the “poor Roman subjects” of whom Joseph II said “they are without a doubt the oldest and most numerous inhabitants of Transylvania”. Although they were the majority in their country, the Romanians “suffered so greatly oppressed by anyone, be they Hungarian or Saxon, that their fate, if you look for it, is truly sad. Otherwise the nation has a soul. And the Austrian emperor was saved That her unreconciled certainly comes from her misfortune.”
From the perspective of the resources we have today in education and research, we live in “the best of all possible worlds.” Without going into details, I’d like to mention a tool that can unlock a resource that even the encyclopedists of the Renaissance or the Enlightenment could not even dream of: the computer. Through this tool we can access almost endless educational resources. With one click you can find digital libraries of major universities and the latest scientific discoveries, museums or even concert halls. Imagine Borges Paradise as a library. Which paradise could be more suitable for today’s generation?
The representatives of the Transylvanian School exemplify our ambition, perhaps today’s Don Quixote, to enlighten and liberate Transylvanian Romanians. This people cannot take its rightful place in history without culture. But the phenomenon of national revival cannot be the exclusive preserve of an era or generation of the “founding fathers”, on the contrary, it is a path that each of us must follow.
We currently have unlimited resources and options. We can learn from the example of the Transylvanian School leaders on how to build a nation through education and culture, just as we can learn to build today’s generation using the latest example of a young athlete from Bucharest.
In the pool in Budapest, a new Romanian sports star has shined in recent days: David Popovici. The recipe for his success can be summed up in a few words: talent, discipline, iron will and great self-confidence. I am convinced that on the benches of the Romanian school, in research, music, theater or sports, Romania has many exceptional young people whom we must help grow and become the most credible and most beautiful ambassadors of this country.
For the University, the Transylvanian School of Yesterday was an excuse to reassert itself in the Targomery region, as a vector of culture, thoughts and feelings, not only for academics, but also for the whole city. Having so many young people at this event is a message that school, like culture, has a future!
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Note: Thanks to the Minister of Culture, Mr. Lucien Romacano, the National University of “Il Carragil” of Theater and Cinematography in Bucharest (Rector, Professor Livio Lucacci, Ph.D.), Kosti Dumitru and the vocal group Maris, Livio Banco and Diana Marin, Ms. University Professor. Dr. Corinna Tudor, without whom this event would not have happened.