Tuesday, June 28, 2022 at 4:04 pm
Archaeologists from four European countries in 2022 continued the research activities of a prehistoric mound tomb discovered in the Apuseni Mountains, on the territory of the Rami municipality. The archaeological site reopened after three years, and archaeologists last visited Apuseni in the summer of 2019.
The search for the funeral mound of Rami, Gogo Point, the largest in the area, began in 2019, but has been suspended until this year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the process of analyzing the discovered remains, LIDAR (3D Laser Scanning with Radiocarbon) technology, the latest terrain observation technology, was also used in order to discover new archaeological sites.
LIDAR was used in the Apuseni Mountains within the project MARBAL (Funeral Archeology of the Bronze Age Ramit Scene), developed by the Federation National Museum in Alba Iulia in partnership with Hamilton College (USA) and the MacDonald Institute Cambridge (UK). This year’s campaign, carried out between May and June, was coordinated by archaeologist Horia Seogodian with Colin Quinn (Hamilton College) and Jess Beck (Harvard University), and carried out with contributions from Romanian, American, English and German archaeologists.
Photo: Etihad Museum
The results of the mound research indicate that there was extensive inhabitation in the Apuseni Mountains region approximately 5,000 years ago, from the Neolithic and Bronze Age. The burial mound examined has two horizons of use, the first, the oldest, with burial tombs dating from the beginning of the Bronze Age, and the second, with cremation tombs, urns or pits with calcined bones, ritually broken vessels and limestone blocks, dating from the middle of the Bronze Age, Wietenberg culture, a distinctive cultural feature of Transylvania (2200 – 1600 BC).
“For the tomb that was excavated in 2019, after taking a sample in the laboratory, we have a specific date, somewhere with a total age of 4600 years – 4700 years, that is from about 2600 – 2500 BC. It is an archeology that deserves recognition, but we consider It is not part of the oldest tombs here.The tomb excavated this year is likely, collectively, older than this, perhaps even 200 years, and we go up in the beginnings of this funerary monument to 2900 – 3000 BC.Archaeologist Horia Seogodian stated that The prehistoric inhabitants of the Apuseni Mountains, from the Râmeţ region, can certainly attest to being five thousand years old.”
Regarding the research conducted this year in a prehistoric mound cemetery, the results are considered “amazing.”
Photo: Etihad Museum
“We worked hard for two months, and achieved more than significant results, even amazing ones. If in 2019, about a quarter of the pile was drilled, with a diameter of about 16 meters, it was now possible to complete the first sector and continue with the second dial, so about Half of this mound is complete.Two burial grounds have been discovered.
Burials belonging to the ancient horizon, that is, the beginning of the Bronze Age, burials, with skeletons placed in a squatting position. Moreover, the central tomb is a mass grave. At least two people were buried in this grave and not in their anatomical position. “The bones are in order, which may indicate that they were brought from elsewhere and reburied here,” the archaeologist said.
He added that the most accurate laboratory research is to determine whether the bones were exposed to atmospheric factors and then buried. “Anyway, it is a special ritual, with many aspects still unknown,” Ciugudean noted. The second horizon of burial that emerged from the research in 2022, belongs to a more recent phase of the Bronze Age, the Middle Bronze Age, specifically the Wietenberg culture, where the custom of cremation was.
“There is an intense life in the area, probably related to animal husbandry, but also to trade on an ancient road connecting the Mureș Valley with the Arie Valley, on a road that overlaps well with the Transalpine de Apuseni. It is proposed to preserve them on site, so that the finds can be visited by tourists. Research The whole site is far from complete.In the two expeditions that were conducted, only half of the archaeological site was excavated by the archer.