2022-year Agârbiceanu (XXVII): Is it more suggestive than Slavici? – Activity and achievements of “Astra” after the union! – If Eminescu had known all? – From Vladika to Opinca!
The young writer Ion Agarbicino learned about the activity of the association through direct participation. From “indexcad. Vatamanyuk we find that “in September/October 1906 – the writer participates in the general assembly of”Astra”, which was held in Brasov; in 1907 (July 14) the scientific and literary department of Astra met and decided to award her the prize ”Andre Morishano“for size”from countryThe report of the Literary Department, by F. Onew and André Barcino, states that AgarpicinoHe is more Slavic-inspired, more impulsive, stronger, and at the same time has a richer style.“.
in 1909 is “normal memberIn the troupe of Abrud-Cîmpeni (and in the following years); in July 1912 the Society elected a corresponding member of the literary department, with Axente Banciu, Const. Lacia, En Dragano, Al. Ciura, Ştefan Cacoveanu, and Horia Petra-Petrescu. In 1920 – August 2, the literary scientific sections were from “Astra“Most held plenary session: Agarpicino has been elected”honorary member“In the literary department, with Sextil Puşcariu and N. Drăganu. In 1921, on October 29, he participated in the session organized in Cluj – the Romanian Press Syndicate of Transylvania and Banat – Agarbicino held a conference “Mihai Emenscu, journalistWe reproduce his opinion:If Eminescu knew all In the wider strata of society, Its beneficial entanglement will be greatly increased. Many of the problems posed by Eminescu are still on the agenda today, and in many matters they have not yet been closed, and today the solution that he gave is the most appropriate “».
We continue to reproduce the study: „The Transylvanian Society for the Literature and Culture of the Roman People – ASTRA. what was? – What is it? – What does he want to be? The need from which “Astra” arose (1936): «“Astra” is also for the intelligentsia, “Literary scientific departmentsWith the aim of its members researching and publishing studies in these areas and giving directions to the Astra Cultural Program in the villages. Apart from this field of activity of the intelligentsia, Astra a Organizing conferences in cities in the field of general culture. He sent village intellectuals and lecturers, turning some of them into true messengers.
Established headquarters in Sibiu respected libraryAnd the museum, Which glory today October cards. smegilichi. set up middle school girls, With a boarding school, o housekeeping school. supported art tours Made by artists of the Free Romanian State, especially pairs tournaments Zahari Barsan. For decades, ASTRA has been a fertile ground for cultural activity for its enthusiastic intellectuals
To increase the knowledge gained in school and share it with all people.
For the people and for the intelligentsia. One of the main advantages of the national cultural activity of the “Astra” was the solidarity of all social classes of the Roman people in ancient Hungary, which contributed greatly to this unity of feeling in all the great works known as “From Vladika to Obinka“.
Through the perpetual descent of the intellectuals among the people, through the festive cultural celebrations on the occasion of the general assemblies of the people, through the unforgettable celebrations of the “ASTRA” public congresses, the intellectuals have been in constant contact with the people. who made it. And people came for the first time to have confidence.”ruling era“, – Lords in opposition to the old angelAnd I am proud of the offspring that came out of it. Previously, only priests had such confidence. The public assemblies of the sections in which peasants and intellectuals gathered in the same Roman choir and honored a glass of wine at one table, singing the same songs, greatly contributed to the national solidarity which was a major component of the resistance in national struggles.
The general congresses of “ASTRA” were, for decades, not only cultural and patriotic events, an opportunity to meet Romanians from all regions of Transylvania and Banat, but also opportunities for political meetings, discussions and battle plans of leaders who, otherwise and in the past, could not gather in such numbers the big one. After each ASTRA general conference, those who participated in or read the speeches and debates in the newspapers, remained with a heightened patriotic awareness and pride. The humiliation and servitude of the old serfs has melted more and more into a sense of national dignity.
Astra’s activity and achievements after the union. I have summarized above the activity and achievements of “ASTRA” before the Syndicate. I have given a broader summary of his work on the grounds that in all the listed fields of activity, “astral“He continued working after the guild. For two reasons that are easy to understand. Or not: Cultural propaganda used in the past is likely to be usable for a long time to come. secondly: None of these means can be exhausted in the past, the powers”Astra“Especially material means, this exhaustion is insufficient. No one, not least we, has mentioned that in all the above-mentioned branches of activity”astral“She could have worked hard. Some were hardly touched. We mention, for example, village choirs and theatrical performances; or art exhibitions of the peasants; or a strong start in rational agriculture, etc. The cultural program of the founders was so comprehensive that it will not be filled today nor Decades later the enlightenment and guidance of the peasant masses in order to augment the spiritual and moral forces on the one hand and arm them through culture for a more rational and humane material life, – national solidarity through a permanent, sensitive and attentive consciousness, still stands permanent national desireand the means to achieve these permanent goals.
Some believed, having achieved national unity, that the Romanian state, the nation-state, would be able to replace our assembly and other associations of this kind, from all over the country. The care of the national culture, and the culture of the masses, will be realized in the future by the national state. That “Astra” like other cultural societies, has no meaning to exist.
This conviction, and then the intense material preoccupations, as in any new settlement in the country, caused many people to cease to be interested in the early years after the Confederation.”astral‘, not being given any other competition, on the contrary being attacked.
However, the leadershipAstraShe continued her journey in the difficult first years after the union, convinced that her mission was not yet over, but, on the contrary, Increasing the horizon of possibilities, to revise their program for points that have become more current with the achievement of national unity. Not many years passed and Roman society understood this The nation-state cannot meet all the needs of culture and private initiatives are the greatest support of the nation-state in the work of enlightening the masses. Thus, after the union, ASTRA gave itself a new statute, a new organization, with divisions by provinces and networks, with cultural centers in the communes, providing decentralization by provinces, for a richer cultural activity in the future. This organization can be considered as A model for any cultural activity that started with a private initiative». (will follow)