Garlic – a local crop that can be grown

Spain is the second largest exporter of garlic in the world, and China ranks first, which has a 70% share of the global market. At the European level, Spain is the largest producer, allocating an annual area of ​​​​30 thousand hectares to this crop. The average area of ​​a single farm is about 35 hectares, and the largest area under garlic cultivation is 1300 hectares.

Broch is a Spanish company specializing in equipment for garlic cultivation and processing, offering a full range of equipment that allows for complete mechanization of the crop.
“Broch started 60 years ago and is now a world famous brand. We are present in 60 countries, including Romania, where we are represented by Magnus Agro Service. We have a full range of equipment and deal with small, medium and large farmers,” said Natalia Fedotenko, Regional Sales Director at Broch, “We provide a full range of equipment, but also consultancy.”
The manual set of equipment for growing garlic includes: receiving stashes, garlic head cleaning systems, sorting, head splitting and sorting pup lines, mechanical and pneumatic sowing, harvesting machines, equipment for peeling and processing garlic pup.

Traditionally, growing garlic involves a lot of manual force. In Europe, countries such as Spain and France introduced mechanization, which reduced labor costs and increased the profitability of crops.
“Everywhere we operate we notice the trend of increasing popularity of local products. Consumers are demanding local products,” Fedotenko said.
And in our country there is a culture of Roman garlic consumption, and the consumption has been revitalized perhaps recently due to the government’s program to support garlic cultivation.
“Among local products, garlic is an attractive crop, because it can be obtained locally on small, medium and large farms, and by introducing mechanization costs are reduced and a good profit is obtained. We managed to represent Broch on the Romanian market and at the moment we can say that there is Several farms in the country are fully equipped to grow garlic, which has reached a high level of mechanization, sorting and all that it means to work in garlic. The equipment was ordered one by one because the farmers saw it as reliable, resistant and doing a good job”, said Alexandro Serbonescu, representative of Magnus Agro Service .
Regarding the collaboration between him and Broch, he claimed that there is a good relationship, good feedback because the manufacturer cares about the specific needs of each market.
„Unlike the Spanish garlic seed, the Romanian seed has smaller dimensions, and the seed from Broch has adapted the equipment to meet the needs of Romanian farmers.
It is a company that meets the needs of the farmer and understands his specific needs. After cooperating with Broch, we have developed. We are always with the farmers because in our 30 years of experience in the field, we have learned that a good relationship is built over time.”
Magnus Agro Service also supplies garlic seeds in heads from 50mm to 60mm. The genetic material comes from Rainbow Harvest in Spain and is of high quality.
“Spanish garlic grows faster, it is planted in the fall, it is close to the taste of Roman garlic, in terms of the degree of stinging and does not cause heartburn.”

Regarding the “garlic” programme, Seronescu stated that its effects could be seen, as the cultivated area had increased in the past three years, from 1,050 hectares to 3,000 hectares, but the support provided by the Romanian state had to exceed the flat rate support. Provided to farmers by means of support measures to provide farms with specific equipment.
“AFIR has now developed measures to encourage garlic processing. I think that the farms should be supported first in order to develop, to be able to equip themselves with machines, sowing and harvesting machines. Only when we reach the cultivation area of ​​6000-7000 hectares can we think of processing garlic in Romania. At present, The production of Roman garlic is up to 6 tons / ha in irrigated agriculture and 3.5 tons / ha in non-irrigated agriculture.In Spain, the average yield of irrigated crops is 10-12 tons / ha.
I do not see a development strategy at the moment. If the state wants to support the development of a culture, whatever it is, it must be coherent. The first bricks must be laid first. You cannot force farmers to sell the goods until a certain date as with tomatoes or garlic. A longer sales period should be determined, and not all goods should be put on the market at the same time because the price will fall.
I think the state should now support measures aimed at storing or mechanizing garlic harvest rather than processing it because we are not yet at that level,” said Alexandro Arbenescu, representative of Magnus Agro Service.

Anna Ionic

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