A group of Bihor teachers reintroduce astronomy in schools

The authors of the approach approved by the Ministry of Education are teachers from Oradea, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Brasov, Bucharest, Pashani and Bacău. And it all happened with the support of Elisabetta Anna Nagy of Beiu, National Coordinator of Education in Astronomy, Team Member of the International Astronomical Union Senior Adviser at the Ministry of Education and School Inspector of Mathematics at the School Inspectorate in Bucharest. “We have great news! Start on the adventure of knowing the universe” is the new system approved by the Ministry of Education starting from the 2022/2023 school year and published in the Official Gazette on 05.07.2022. Astronomy will be studied again in Romanian schools, along with STEAM Education – Science, Technology, Engineering (Art) and Mathematics.

Congratulations to everyone who laid their shoulders at the crossroads of this milestone in educating the next generation.

The curriculum is optional and directed to preparatory classes and I-IV, which is being developed by the Ministry of Education in cooperation with ESERO and CNRA,” Elisabetta Anna Nagy announced on her account on one of the social networks. The curriculum of the new subject, which is included in the curriculum by school decision, provides two years of study: one elective in the first three years of primary education (preparatory class, first or second grade), the second optional in the last two years of third or fourth class).

In the first year of school, children will study concepts about: exploring the solar system; time (day and night, seasons, weather); planets of the solar system, earth and moon; Light sources, light pollution, the speed of sound and the speed of light. space travel – the necessary conditions for life in space, weightlessness, robots in space, satellites, rockets, the International Space Station; Future professions: cosmonaut, cosmonaut, cosmonaut, cosmonaut costume.

In the second year of study classes are provided such as: Exploring the Solar System. Earth movements, meteorological phenomena, additional information about the planets of the solar system, exoplanets, galaxies and constellations; eclipse; sound propagation (echo), light propagation, reflection and refraction of light; space travel; microgravity, space equipment; Monthly unit robots, satellites and communications systems; NASA and European Space Agency space missions; Future professions: how to build and launch a rocket, distances in space, making an astronaut’s suit, etc.

According to the ministerial order, “If for the preparatory grade – second semester the objective is to know and understand some general concepts about life sciences, earth sciences and astronomy, for the third or fourth grades it is suggested to deepen it, and to achieve interdisciplinary and interdisciplinary connections with practical application.”

Identify problematic situations, such as “Why is it dark at night?” , “Why does the sun rise?” or “Why is it cold in winter?” , determining the causal relationships of some phenomena / processes in the environment, identifying observable elements related to Earth and outer space using technology (Earth, the solar system, the universe, stars), and simple experiments in order to simulate living conditions in space (taste in space, transformations of the human body, etc.) are the skills that students will be able to acquire from the first year, studying this subject.

Formulation of simple hypotheses and strategies for problem situations (Why does the Earth rotate, and why is there life on Earth?), Procedures for developing intellectual curiosity, Exploration of information sources, Analysis of documents or stories, Comparing data for space missions, Experimentation with activities aimed at exploring careers in space science It is offered in the second year of study.

tradition in astronomy

The proclamation of 2022 as the International Year of Basic Science for Sustainable Development (proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly) and the role of the IAU office in supporting the astronomer community in bringing fascination into schools and promoting astronomy in the curriculum. Educators in evidence-based educational research and supporting the community in its professional development are opportunities to promote the elective discipline that makes these goals a reality. Even when astronomy was not a major in schools, it could be available to children in Oradea, at Meridian Zero Astroclub. The man from Oradea who applied to go to Cosmos, Christian Lazer, was formed. After signing the first European rover launched on Mars, it is now working on the second generation of the European meteorological satellite METOP. Oradian, in a discussion with the famous physicist Christian Pressoro, admitted that: “I have always dreamed of seeing, to discover the ideal way to become an astronaut, to study space in detail, because it is well known, in our school it is not studied. I began to study astronomy and astrophysics in a local astroclub. , Meridian 0 in Oradea, since high school. But it was extracurricular and extracurricular and I was very drawn to this space field. I participated in many Olympics, reached the national stage in astronomy and said all the time that I wanted to go to space.”

Christian Lazur was a student of the late Professor Marin Beca, a former physics teacher at the Dacia School and founder of the Astronomy Club in Oradea. Later, after the efforts of Christian Lazer, an asteroid was named after Professor Becca. At Dacia School, students study astronomy and astrophysics outside of class, as part of a project by teacher Valentina Mattei. Known as the “NASA Professor,” she had extraordinary experience at the US Space Agency, performing chemistry experiments in an International Space Station simulator and participating in a VIP tour of the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Coordinator for the introduction of astronomy in schools Prof. Elisabetta Anna Nagy

Teachers who introduced astronomy to school:

-Beric Mihaela, Lucien Plaga Theoretical Secondary School, Oradea

– Bouran Maria, “Ewan Pop” Secondary School in Cluj-Napoca

– Porro Bianca, Punchian National College Timiشوارoara

-Melcu Cornelia, Gymnasium Nr. School. 9 “Nikolai Orgidan” Brasov

– Moțoc Delia, Anghel Saligny Technical College, Bucharest

– Nagy Elisabetta Anna, Technological College “Gregor Serchis”, Bucharest

– Nor Eugenia, Iordache Cantacuzino Gymnasium School

– Pirosca Manuela, Secondary School No. 25 Bra .ov

– Sabo Lydia, Mihai Drugan High School, Bacau

Roo Elisavita, Oradea, Bihor

Supported by:

– Elisabetta Nagy I am the National Coordinator of Astronomy Education,

https://www.haus-der-astronomie.de/oae/worldwide

– Romanian National Astronomical Commission, http://www.astro.ro/cnra/

– Stanko Cristina, Program Manager, ESERO Romania, http://www.esero.ro/

– Romanian Space Agency, http://www.rosa.ro/index.php/ro/

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