In Timich County, wheat is preserved, but the danger is growing for corn and sunflowers, due to excessive drought and record temperatures up to 38-39 degrees, in the shade and more than 50 degrees in the sun.
“Agriculture can no longer be done without irrigation!”
Under these conditions, Codruț Ancuș, director of the Timi County Department of Agriculture, warns that if the rains do not fall within two weeks, part of the corn and sunflower crops will be at risk. Under the new severely aggressive climatic conditions, agriculture can no longer function without irrigation, but in order to have an efficient system in Timic, it is necessary to obtain support from Bucharest, from the Ministry of Agriculture. ”
Professor Paul Baran, former director of DAJ Timiș and former president of USAMVB Timișoara, now a small farmer in Recaș, added: “The problem is corn. If there is no heavy rain, the crop will be severely affected. By July, the corn had grown well, also on the basis of light rainfall, but this did not guarantee long-term sustainability. When panic occurs, the requirements for cobs and silk water are at a maximum, and lack of precipitation will lead to major imbalances in culture and plant. Corn pollen is viable up to 36-37 degrees in these adaptive hybrids, but if it reaches 40% against this background of drying and for a longer period, then there will be big problems. ”
In order to be convinced of the situation on the land, Ancuș paid a visit to two farmers in the field, in Comloș. They thought they would harvest 3 tons of wheat per hectare, but they harvested 7 tons and 3.5 tons of rapeseed. Also, farmers from the Liebling district were able to get 6-7 tons of wheat and 2-3 tons of rape, in Foyni and Gullvez, 6-7 tons of wheat, 4 tons of rape. These productions in a year poor in rainfall.
“Wheat is good. The world is content with straw. On the other hand, prices are also acceptable. This year, no one will lose a straw”, says DAJ Timiș Director.
The wheat has been preserved in Timi and very important, the quality indicators are good. Depending on the region, the hectoliter mass is 75-77, and the protein content is 12-12.5. The quality of the wheat is good under the current conditions and of course it is still until the end of the harvest season and changes may occur.
Professor Brian explained that unfortunately, at a depth of more than one meter in the ground, there has been a water deficit since the fall of 2021. There has been no significant rainfall either in winter or in spring. However, how was wheat preserved?
“There was rain in small amounts of 7-10 ml per square meter and it preserved the culture from one rain to the next. Interestingly, when farmers thought hopes were dashed on wheat, another 8-10 liters came. Essentially, small rains saved our wheat. Because soil reserves are very scarce.
Sunflower is more drought-resistant, but it is clear that it will also be affected both qualitatively and quantitatively, due to lack of water. At the beginning of July, we can not talk about disasters in agriculture in Timich. However, there are areas in the county that have been overtaken even by those rains. Disasters can be recorded there.
123,000 hectares of wheat in Timi
What would be the solution for Timich to get an irrigation system? The director of the DAJ is of the opinion that all farmers in Timic should unite in a large association and impose in Bucharest, in MADR, the need for irrigation in the district. A large irrigation project must be implemented throughout the province. One farmer’s vote is not taken into account. We need to irrigate, restore all the canals of land improvement, and bring water to all the canals. The message should start from here, from Timic to Bucharest, from all farmers.
If we can’t develop a great irrigation system, we won’t be able to do planting in the future, because the summer will be hotter and drier. You can no longer count on precipitation from two or three years ago or from year to year, because it is getting scarcer and in small amounts. The climate has changed, and agriculture has become a lottery: if it rains, we make production, and if not, then no!
“This is my goal, to help farmers connect and develop an irrigation system in Timic, for all farms. Unfortunately, it’s collapsing now. We had a good minister, but they took him from us. He was really a farmer’s minister. The irrigation project will be financed by the European Union. Of course, Let me do my work, because if he changes me, as it is now fashionable, nothing can be done. They did not let the minister continue his projects, and now another comes with other ideas and starts from scratch. I had a chance in Bucharest, in the ministry. We sat face to face with the former minister and discussed Agriculture problems in Timi and what solutions can be applied”, this is the opinion of Codruț Ancuș, Director of DAJ Timiș.
Until the beginning of July, there were no particular problems with planting in Timich, and farmers are of the opinion that if it rains, then spring crops will be saved.
“I went to Giulvaz and talked to Degianski. They have an irrigation system. He told me that he watered the corn and the flower once, and if he watered it again, that is enough. So the planting in Timich needs rain of 20 liters per square meter from now on so that the corn does not dry out. and Venus,” concluded DAJ Director Timiș. Farmers who register crop disasters must provide an address to the town hall, then the notification will reach the Timmic Agriculture Directorate. Here, a file is prepared and a committee from APIA travels to the field to ascertain the damage caused by drought in 2022. Timić has 123,000 hectares of wheat.