Dealing with medicinal and aromatic plants in 2022, a niche investment that is on an upward trend. The Chair of the Board of Trustees of “Planta Romanica”, Anca Daniela Raiciu, explained in the July 18 issue of AgroStrategia on TVR 1, what are the opportunities for farmers who want to invest in this field and also what are the obstacles for farmers who are already facing good years in market.
Anca Daniela Raiciu explained what farmers or other beneficiaries who want to start an investment in the cultivation of medicinal plants should do first.
“If he wants to invest, he must first find out what kind of medicinal and aromatic plants he grows. Now know that there are many who grow lavender. But this plant must also be well controlled, we must know what active principles are in this plant, we must be Very careful when harvesting it, any product we deal with but there are farmers who have their own land and then it will be very complicated.We have chamomile and mint that can be grown.Many plants can be grown, and there are even some farmers who deal with the culture of medicinal and aromatic plants.It is important that You have a place to spread it further and the plant has the right qualities. As in any field, there is a need for a technology that the farmer must take into account. If it is possible to use organic farming, do not use fertilizers or pesticides. She explained that it is very important!
According to the botanist, spice growers can choose thyme and rosemary crops. “For example, rosemary can be used as a plant as a tea and is very useful for improving memory. It helps us have a better memory,” Anka Daniela Raicho added.
Will farmers turn to the medicinal and aromatic plants trade?
In the context of increasingly severe drought, as well as expensive inputs, farmers can reorient themselves as to which crops they would like to invest in and it seems safer to work with medicinal and aromatic plants. The advantages are obvious: the necessary treatments are almost non-existent, talk about which crops are more environmentally friendly, if not environmentally friendly, the market demand is increasing, and maintenance is low.
“Cooperation can be between farmers and producers who use medicinal and aromatic plants in certain types of preparations. Or perhaps the farmer wants to build a small plant through Start-Up Nation or some other program with European money so that he has an SME that does the processing part and ends with the preparation, with the final product ‘, explained Anka Daniela Raicho.
A master’s program is being prepared in the cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants
The Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Planta Romanica also brought good news to young people who want to grow medicinal plants or even farmers who want to expand their business in this field as well. Anca Daniela Raiciu makes every effort to introduce the master’s program for growing these plants into the portfolio of the faculty in the field, so that interested recipients have a complete study guide on the technology of cultivation, from sowing to treatments, harvesting or storage.
“With your help, from the Farmers Power Association, it is possible to do many things so that agricultural producers can grow medicinal and aromatic plants. It is very important! I teach phytotherapy and pharmacology in college, and if I succeed, I will probably get a master’s degree in this field alongside Medicinal and aromatic plants.I am really working with a colleague from the Faculty of Agricultural Engineering on this subject, so that farmers can get into a master’s degree and prepare for it.Because at the moment there are many textbooks and books in which you are told different things about how to grow medicinal and aromatic plants. But it is better to extract the essence in this way when you want to carry out a crop of hemp, rosemary, chamomile, St. John’s wort or mint, so that you are well prepared, but the concepts should not be too broad, because no one has time to sit And read the complete death,” confirmed Anka Daniela Raicho.
She added that Romania was one of the countries with a tradition in the cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants, but interest in this sector has declined in recent years. “It is a trend that you will find in other countries, for example, like Germany, like France, they are already advanced in terms of the use of natural preparations. But I will not say that it is a trend, it is necessary to use what nature offers you, especially since we are a favorite country. We can use as many Possible from herbs and herbs. If before 1989 we had a vast land with medicinal and aromatic plants, we had a tradition, unfortunately now things are not like that. But we can go back. “
The Ministry of Agriculture does not have specialists to cover the cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants
Anca Daniela Raiciu also raised a problem facing growers of medicinal and aromatic plants: The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) does not have specialists in this field, so the institution’s interest in supporting these crops is low.
“Shall I tell you frankly or talk about this nonsense? There is a desire to learn as much as possible about medicinal and aromatic plants. There are no specialists in the Ministry of Agriculture. Specialists who deal with medicinal and aromatic plants are us in the business, because each of us works in companies Or different companies where we have land where medicinal and aromatic plants are grown. We said every time, and even recently, we discussed with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, that we offer our unconditional assistance to develop the lists of medicinal and aromatic plants, because it is a sin. The specialist added that the grower should know Exactly which plants he can grow, which ones are allowed and which ones he can develop in the future.”
Anka Daniela Raicho pointed out that even in the case of medicinal and aromatic plant growers, there is an attack on imported products, which producers have to put up with.
“There is an attack of dishes from the outside, but it is not very aggressive, as I can say. But there are companies whose names I will not give, who prefer to buy factories as such in Romania, in certain regions and then return the products on the Romanian market, but in fact they are from other countries. So That’s kind of what it is. There are certain types of tea, no one forces you to say where you get the plant, write the Latin name of this plant. This plant may be from the heart of the Carpathians, or it may be from the heart of other mountains. This does not mean that Legislation does not oblige you to say where you got the plant from, but obliges you to certify certain things. It is a diverse and spontaneous plant, only here you can have problems, because you must have the same concentration of the substance or active ingredient. But if the land is cultivated, then of course you can Control at any time what the leaf or stem of the medicinal plant in question contains,” explained Planta Romanica’s head of care.
What is the future of investing in medicinal and aromatic plants?
ANCA Daniela Raicho also forecasts the medicinal and aromatic plant cultivation sector for the next five years.
“If it is really done, I don’t know if lobbying is the right word, whether there will be more showings in the media, if it will be understood that the only way is cooperation between farmers and producers, if farmers will understand that it is more effective. As for the plant that they grow, to be prepared by them, I say we are on an upward trend in 5 years, if we leave the EU, because this is also an important factor, I think we will be much better than we are now in the field of medicinal and aromatic plants with advantages for the consumer Also, because I said they have a high quality commodity.You should know that there are some medicinal and aromatic plants that are better prepared during this period due to the higher temperature, and there are some plants that can withstand higher temperatures much better than the usual culture.So it is A variant that can help farmers in particular,” the specialist noted.
AgroStrategy. Guest: Anca Daniela Raicho, Chair of the Board of Trustees of “Planta Romanica”