Romania under drought | The corn yield, almost entirely, is 30% lower than that of wheat and sunflower

It has not rained seriously in almost any region of Romania since the beginning of July, and the water deficit has exceeded 200 liters per square meter in many areas. It has been forecast by forecasters since spring and cannot be improved this year for agriculture.

EU – 20% reduction from 2021 production

The EU estimated, at the beginning of the month, that Romania would record wheat production 20% below the average of the past five years, the largest decline in the entire EU, with values ​​at 4%. .

More precisely, Romania will record an average production per hectare of 4.2 tons compared to an average of 5.7 tons in the past five years.

Farmers, who managed to bring the wheat crop to harvest, say production is down 35% from last year.

Mihai Angel is one of the largest grain growers in Romania. Cerealcom owns Dolj, a company that manages more than 25,000 hectares of farmland.

“Severe drought since August 2018, lack of rainfall has led to a severe shortage of soil water this year amid high temperatures, higher than in previous years. This means that plants do not grow under normal conditions, but under conditions of extreme stress,” he stated. Mihai Angel for Europa Liberă.

Mihai Angel says that all the crops his company planted in the fall — barley, wheat, peas and rapeseed — were 25-30% less than in a typical year.

For spring crops – corn and sunflowers – Sunflowers behave better in dry conditions, Angell says, but here, too, production will drop by about 30%, and corn is almost completely vulnerable.

In the south of Moldova, the situation is worse. Gelu Scutaru runs Comcereal Vrancea. It owns 4,500 hectares in one of the driest areas of the country this year – Francia, Vaslui and an area in Galati. In the spring, he overturned his wheat and canola crops and replanted corn and sunflowers, hoping he could do something else.

“The corn has dried up. Since it hasn’t dried yet, it will happen in the coming days. The sunflowers are also almost missing. If it rains now, nothing can be done about the corn,” Gillo Scotaro told Europe Libero.

Ministry of Agriculture – “We have started granting compensation”

The situation in agriculture was on the government’s table at Wednesday’s meeting. Prime Minister Nikolai Seiuchi announced that the Ministry of Agriculture will continue to coordinate the ministerial committee that will deal with the effects of the heat.

Also on Wednesday, the Ministry of Agriculture announced details Grant of compensation. Farmers have until August 30 for autumn crops – wheat and triticale (a mixture of wheat and rye) – and December 15 for corn and sunflowers to submit documents to determine the degree of crop damage.

The Ministry of Agriculture announced that until this moment, it has information about bargaining for crops on the 16,000 hectares planted with wheat in Ilumitsa, Galati, Telorman and Braila.

Farmers – the best help will be irrigation systems

This is not the first year that farmers have received compensation for crop damage. In 2020, Romania had 4 million tons less wheat than the previous year, and the Agriculture Minister at the time, Adrian Oros, estimated that 1.8 million hectares of autumn crops and 1 million of spring crops are concessions.

“Irrigation is the solution for the future. The government must have a strategy that it can quickly implement and start infrastructure work in the Siret-Bărăgan canal,” says Gelu Scutaru, which will be the solution for southern Moldova, a region that has been hit hard in recent years.

The Siret-Berjan Canal will have 23 kilometers of irrigation facilities. Currently, five kilometers are working and supplied with water, and for the rest, local farmers have received promises only in recent years, without anyone voting any budget for the continuation of the business.

As for the irrigation canal in the south between Corbia and Sadova, there were intentions. In 2007, the then Prime Minister, Colin Popescu Tariceanu, and the Minister of Agriculture, Decebal Traian Remy, promised to start some work. Even after 15 years, nothing has happened.

Leave a Comment