Isabella Sadovino, Romania’s first literary critic

Formed in the militant atmosphere of our first socialist circles (Gherea & Co) and in the attic of the poet-archaeologist Nicolae Beldesino (where she met Ion Kringo), the young teacher with studies in philosophy and psychology – called here Isabella Sadoveanu – will spontaneously conquer the educated and working public of During the generosity, courage and enthusiasm of her many initiatives for social reform (she was also the impetus for some strikes in Brăila…). Isabella Sadofino approaches the circle of “Roman Life” and stays there once and for all. In 1908, he published the only previous volume of Literary Impressions and our first comprehensive, objective, and informed study of symbolism, in an anti-Symbol journal. Over the course of four decades, he signed a disproportionate number of records and reviews on Roman literature (which he watched steadily and straightforwardly) and world literature, with which he also knew (including on contemporary authors such as the Bronte Sisters., Dostoevski, Virginia Woolf, Colette, D. H. Lawrence, Kafka, Freud, K. Mansfield, J. B. Priestley, L. Aragon, Stefan George, Th. Mann, L.Pirandello), On Books and Currents,” notes critic and literature historian Paul Sernat in a mini biography dedicated to the most modern and influential women in Sadofino family.

He wrote the first national textbook on child psychology

and a black ball: “She can be reprimanded – Paul Cernat believes – for too much discouragement in the face of the collective spirit of the death row and Garabet Ibrăileanu, a fact that prevented her from imposing her authority and independence. Isabella is a child psychologist (at age 42, she attended the University of Geneva, More training!), pioneering new approaches in the field, co-author of the first domestic textbook on child psychology and the author of many innovative works. More: “Member and leader of all available feminist committees and associations (Association for the Civil and Political Emancipation of Women, Union of Universities, League of Romanian Writers) as well as in those responsible for school reform, Isabella Sadofino was delegated in 1923 to the League of Nations, Anti-Prejudice League member and trustee since 1936 of the National Standing Committee for Peace headed by Nikolai Titulescu”.

Anti-fascist activist in the press from Suridar

Cernatian’s last notes: “Isabella Sadovino promoted the political and social emancipation of women by all means and the construction of a progressive political alternative, through the peasant populism of the C. Stere – N. Lupu line. An ardent collaborator in the “Press from Sărindar” (“Adevărul” – “Dimineaa”), An anti-fascist activist, Isabella published at the end of her life a related memoir on the beginnings of the socialist movement.The gladly written diary of Mrs. Sadovino, with a talent for portraiture, was restored in 1980, after a useful but dry documentary study compiled by Cora Barbeau, Lenormanda Pinari, and J. Popescu. And she’ll deserve a different kind of recovery.”

Adopted immediately after birth

The daughter of George Morrone and Eleonora (formerly Domitrio), Isabella was adopted shortly after her birth by spouses Mia and Alexandru Andre. She continued primary school in Bacău, and then the Pedagogical Institute (1881-1886) in Iai, for two years to study philosophy and psychology at the university, in parallel with lessons at the “Dodun des Perrieres” pension (here she was also a teacher for small classes). During this period, young Isabella first came into contact with socialist ideas that later influenced her educational and literary career.

pure student

The year 1898 marked an important chapter in the presence of Isabella, who accepted to become the wife of Officer Alexandro Sadovino, older brother (stepfather), by the father of the novelist Mikhail Sadovino. She would continue her teaching career in Fochani, and then in Bucharest, at the Central School for Girls (1908). In defiance of the customs of the time, in 1912, at the age of 42, Isabella became a student at the “Jean-Jacques Rousseau” Pedagogical Institute in Geneva (from which she graduated three years later).

He defended Kono Mikhail on his debut

Isabella’s first contact with the Romanian cultural scene was in 1890, when (under the name Isabella Andre) she published several poems in the Romanian magazine “New School”. He began his career as a literary critic later, in the daily “Voinţa naţională”, with an article on Mikhail Sadovino’s first literary appearance, followed in 1905 by another article – “Artă si morală”, which is the first polemical intervention addressed to H. Sanielevici, in response to his insulting text regarding the creation of Mikhail Sadovino. Confirmation of the critical advocacy came later, with the advent of the journal “Viaţa românească” (1906), in which he published for nearly a decade without interruption. Isabella Sadovino also wrote for “Adevărul”, “Dimineaa” (in 1932 she edited the “Pagina femeii” column), but privately for “Adevărul Literar si Artistic”, where she owned, between 1925 and 1939, the column entitled ” books and magazines. He also collaborated on “Noua revistă română”, “Drapelul”, “Povestea vorbei”, “Education”, “Romanian Renaissance”, “Lamura”, “Gazeta carţilor”, “Boabe de grâu”, etc.

Followers of Tyne’s Imaginations

Isabella Sadovino in her work as a literary critic followed the standards set by the French philosopher and historian Hippolyte Taine, who advocated criticism based on scholarly standards, impartiality, undisturbed by preconceptions and entirely submissive to literary work. The one who frequently fell under the pseudonyms “Evan”, “IZSD” or “Iz. SD. wrote in depth on the novels of Liviu Rebreanu, Cezar Petrescu, Gib I.Mihăescu, Jean Bart, Ionel Teodoreanu, Mihai Ralea, Demostene Botez, G Călinescu, etc. Among the poets, I liked Isabella Teodor Arghese, Lucien Plaga, Ion Pilate, Adrian Manyu and Georges Toporciano.

Promoted Montessori School

With a recognized career as a teacher, Isabella Sadovino, along with Vl. Ghidionescu, Bogdan-Duică et al. The new principles of active school and experiential education. The Maria Montessori method, based on free education, was tried by Isabella at the regular “Elena Domna” girls’ school and the school for children’s care, in order to modernize the education of the fairer sex.

Acting works by Isabella Sadovino

“Literary Impressions”, Bucharest, 1908;
“Aesthetic and Artistic Education of the Past Two Decades”, Bucharest, 1911;
“Montessori Teaching Material (with 14 illustrations)”, Bucharest, 1916;
“The Montessori Method”, Bucharest, 1916;
“New Education. Guidelines for Parents and Teachers”, Bucharest, 1929;
“Children and Youth Theatre”, Bucharest, 1931;
“Child Psychology”, in the set. with CA Angelescu, Bucharest, 1933;
“Let’s get to know our nation and our country,” Cole’s. with Mikhail Sadovino and Ion Simonescu, Bucharest, 1933;
“Memories”, in the set. With i Teodorescu, ed. Edited by Aristița Avramescu, preface and notes by T. Avramescu.


Grazia Deledda, “The Waves of Life”, Bucharest, 1909;
Matilda Serao, “The Stepmother”, Bucharest, 1910;
Giovanni Verga, “Tire de tigroaica”, Bucharest, 1923

It has been 81 years since the death of Isabella Sadovino, Romania’s first literary critic, on August 6, 2022.

An educated and moderate spirit, with a political head, an organizational spirit and a broad intellectual horizon, Isabella Sadofino approaches the circle of “Roman Life” and remains there definitively”, Paul Cernat, literary critic

1908 is the year in which Isabella Sadofino published the only previous volume of Literary Impressions and our first comprehensive, objective and informed study of allegory

Isabella was the wife of Officer Alexandro Sadofino, half-brother of the novelist Mikhail Sadofino.

Isabella Sadovino supported the literary careers of writers such as Hortensia Papadat Benguescu, Elena Farago or Otilia Casimir

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