The critical situation in agriculture in Alba. Drought destroyed more than half of the crops planted in spring

Alba is among 30 counties reporting crops affected by drought. In total, according to data collected as of Friday, it is about 242,958 hectares nationally.

According to the information sent to Alba24 by representatives of the Directorate of Agriculture of Alba, more than 2425 hectares of crops planted in spring were damaged in the prefecture.

It is more than half of the declared area of ​​4,551 hectares. It should be noted that lOf the crops harvested in the fall, 98% of which were already harvested, no damage was recorded.

According to the director of the foundation, Doina Vasiu, in the province of Alba, crops were damaged in Cugir, Alba Iulia, Sebe, Ocna Mureș, Ohaba, Pianu, Berghin, Ciugud, Albac, Gârbova and Cut, and Noșlac, and Vințu de Jos. Drought, but the situation has been reported in other regions.

For example, in Kouger, of the 213 hectares planted with forage seed, 192 hectares were a disaster. The situation is the same for soybeans, where out of the 53 planted hectares, almost 48 hectares were destroyed.

the culture declared area calcite surface
corn seeds 2041.19 1071.25
soybean 244.38 198.09
corn silage 786.43 438.07
Lucerne 697.39 339.16
Sunflower 752.68 362.63
potato 6.86 4.12
wheat 9.06 4.88
Urzuica 8.95 4.63
Tobacco 3.79 2.50
Raspberry 0.37 0.148
the total 4551.05 2425.47

Governor Nikolai Albo says that at the county level there is a damage assessment committee, which also includes representatives of cities and municipalities that have reported damage. The committee determines in the field the degree of crop damage and assesses the value.

Reports are up to the government table. According to the procedures of past years, farmers can be fully or partially compensated for the losses they have incurred, most likely through one net per hectare, related to the type of crop.

The situation at the national level

Of the total area reported nationally, 133,460 hectares are planted with wheat and triticale, followed by areas under barley, sorghum, oats and rye – 20,121 hectares, rapeseed – 24,399 hectares, corn – 40,476 hectares, soybeans – 2,641 hectares. , peas – 558 hectares, sunflowers – 15148 hectares, forage plants – 1955 hectares, other crops – 4107 hectares.

The provinces that reported crops affected by drought are Alba, Arad, Bacau, Bihor, Pochany, Braila, Braشوفov, Buzau, Clerachi, Constanta, Dambovita, Galati, Giorgio, Hunedoara, Ilfov, Ilumicha, Ulchi, Maramuri Prahova, Slay, Satu Mare, Suceava, Tellurman, Timic, Tulcea, Vaslui, Francia.

Nearly 700 towns with water supply restrictions

The Romanian National Water Administration (ANAR) announced on Tuesday that 696 towns are being fed limited by surface and ground water sources.

ANAR announced that it has increased the number of monitoring departments at the level of 11 hydrographic basins from 80 to 120. Among them, in 33 departments, that is, in 26% of the total of those monitored, the flows were less than the minimum required in August, and they could not at the same time Ensure water requirements for all uses located in the respective river sectors. Therefore, for these sections, it is necessary to implement a plan of restrictions and use of water in periods of scarcity.

Nationally, there are 696 local sites with limited power supply. 291 local sites from 24 counties: Botoșani, Iași, Vaslui, Galati, Suceava, Neamț, Bacău, Vrancea, Maramureș, Sibiu, Hunedoara, Alba, Olt, Teleorman, Brașov, Ilfov, Argeș, Buurgiu, Dâmboviua, Por Limited surface water, 405 wells/wells sites (13 districts: Potochane, Iasi, Vaslui, Galati, Neamt, Baku, Suceava, Francia, Olt, George, Dolj, Hunedoara, Maramuru). This means 20-30% of the total number of wells at the national level.

ANAR claims that the provinces most affected by the drought are the provinces in the Moldavian region, especially small towns and villages where the supply is provided either from a surface water source or from underground.
For all others, including large sites, which are centrally fed from a surface water source, the water supply is sufficient, even if it remains in a diminishing process. Thus, the reserves in 40 major lakes amount to 3.13 billion cubic meters of water, compared to 3.45 billion at the beginning of July 2022.

In the first half of August, the national administration “Apele Romanian Waters”, together with representatives of Hidroelectrica, managed to maintain a filling factor of more than 70%, in the 40 main reservoirs (of complex use), i.e. 71.95%.

The flow of the Danube at the country’s entrance was decreasing with a value of 1950 mc/s which is half of the multiple annual rate for August (4300 mc/s). In the direction of the mouth of the Portile de Fier, the flows were decreasing up to Gruia and in the Isaccea-Tulcea sector and increasing in the Calafat-Galați sector.

According to forecasts from the National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, the flow at the country’s entrance (Bazyash division) will be steady and then decrease slightly, reaching about 1900 mc/s on August 15.

At Cernavodă Hydrometric Station, Level 1 Warning (of restrictions) has been reached and there is still 0.75 meters (= 75 cm) to reach Level II, a value that will remain around until August 15.

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