A political legend born in August 1968 and his teachings

An invasion in which Romania, a treaty member state, did not participate, and which it publicly condemned. The speech given by Nicolae Ceausescu on Wednesday, August 21, 1968 at the great assembly in front of the CC headquarters of the PCR has an extraordinary resonance both in the public consciousness of the nation and in the European and international political environment. It has been said and may be said, and with full reason, that this speech represented a lesson in courage, national dignity and solidarity with a friendly nation, which propelled the still unknown leader of Bucharest to the center of the public interest and made him an advocate and promoter of the right of every people to self-determination without any outside interference . The thesis that formed the basis of the April 1964 Declaration, by which Romania asserted its reputation as a “rebellious ally” in the People’s Republic of China and in the Warsaw Pact, and which will be and remain the guiding idea of ​​Romanian foreign policy during the Cold War years.

However, there is another lesson from the events of that hot August of 1968 which I am inclined to believe is not discussed and deepened within its multiple meanings. I am referring to the fact that in the public consciousness at the present time the idea that such a courageous speech by Nicolae Ceausescu made him an object of repression by Moscow and its allies has slowed down. An idea that gained increasing credibility in the circumstances in which, with the exception of Yugoslavia, our country was surrounded by the member states of the Warsaw Pact whose forces, from now on, were in Czechoslovakia. In this case, the threat of “fraternal invasion” was no longer merely a matter of induced mass psychosis, but, given the precedent set only a few days earlier, the data gained an imminent fait accompli. This, fortunately, this assumption did not materialize, due to a combination of factors among which I would like to mention President Lyndon Johnson’s warning: ‘Do not unleash the dogs of war’ (which was said to have been added with pen to the text of the Leader’s televised address from the House White by Secretary of State Dean Rusk), as well as the categorical positions of Chinese leaders. On the other hand, we know of no evidence to support Silvio Brocan’s grave lie that he was not, in any way, about the threat of an invasion of Romania, because Nicolae Ceauتشيescu had obtained the Kremlin’s approval to make the speech. Say what he said!

Returning to a specific, less discussed lesson in August 1968, it should be noted that under the circumstances in which the scenario of the invasion of Romania by the forces of the Warsaw Pact, detachments of the National Guard were created in our country among which were recorded by a large number of people who really wanted defend their country. And after that, the thesis “The Unshakable Unity of the Party and All People Surrounding Comrade Nicolae Ceauتشيescu” was launched. The treatise became, over time, a slogan, but we must realize that, at first, it had certain reasons that could be believed and promoted in the circumstances in which, in Czechoslovakia, it was among the first actions dictated by the invading forces of chapter Alexander Dubcek, leader of Prague Springs. Hence the possibility that Nicolae Ceausescu would have the same fate, since we must admit that many Romanians, both members and non-members of the party, saw a hero whom they proclaimed their complete solidarity and felt a duty to defend! The reaction of the citizens that the famous warning of the classic Roman reporter, F. Brunia Fuchs, brought back to this day: “Do not step on the street because it is stinging!”

Moving forward along the lines of events, we will find that the thesis of the indestructible monolithic unity of the Party, of its General Secretary, will be the decisive argument because in 1969, at the Tenth Congress, Nicolae Ceausescu will be elected General Secretary of the Party and not just as before the Central Committee. These elections represent a step forward in the consolidation of a personality cult dedicated to “the love of the people of the party and the people” as well as in the concentration of power in his hands and his associates. An interesting example in this regard is the speech given by the delegate of the Mure Party organization, writer Soto Andras. From what we learn that, while he was documenting throughout the province, a peasant asked him: “I heard that you, members of the Party, are going to elect Comrade Nicolae Ceauتشيescu as Secretary-General of the Party.” But we, who are not members of the party, where can we vote for it? ” (I quote from memory, but I assure you that the meaning of the letter has not changed). He became one of the fiercest opponents of the cult of the figure of Nicolae Ceausescu, and this fact was due to the disappointment caused by the irreconcilable separation of the image of the hero of 1968 and the authoritarian regime led by Nicolae Ceausescu. This time, Nicolae Ceausescu captivated the political myth of his absolute power as the “genius of the Carpathians” and “the illustrious champion of peace among peoples.” Nicolae Ceausescu who in December 1989 allowed himself to be deceived by the illusion that another gathering invited in front of the CC headquarters of the PCR would bring him the same strong and enthusiastic popular support that it had on August 21, 1968. Or worse, he ignored a fundamental thing, which is that, Through strict austerity measures, taken to pay off Romania’s external debt, as well as by refusing to ease the economic and social climate, he took to the street. And street bits!

This would be the radical lesson that we can learn by summarizing the downward trajectory of Nicolae Ceausescu, from the hero of August 1968 to the much hated character in December 1989, namely, that the attachment and trust of people is not an empty check, because the period is infinite. For there will come a day when the street, who believed in you, will realize that you have gone up on him and are stung! A lesson, as we can easily see, some powerful people today do not understand and do not want to be understood!

Leave a Comment