Libraries released 16.3 million volumes last year, 4.2 million volumes less than in 2020 and 16.9 million volumes less than in 2019, the INS announced.
The number of visitors to museums and public collections was 11.4 million, 3.5 million more than in 2020, but 6.8 million fewer than in 2019.
Performance and concert institutions and companies held 14.5 thousand shows in the country, and 1.9 million spectators watched them, with 4.5 thousand shows and 0.4 million spectators more than in 2020, but with 11.9 thousand shows and 6.2 million spectators less than in 2019.
Activity of artistic cultural units affected by the epidemic
In 2021, the activity of the cultural-artistic units was affected by the development of the COVID-19 epidemic and the continuation of the state of alert that was established in May 2020. The cultural-artistic units carried out their activity in restricted conditions, by applying and appreciating the social distancing measures imposed by the authorities to prevent the spread of the virus. Corona, which led to a reduction in its total capacity, a situation that is reflected in the statistical indicators presented.
The library network that was commissioned in 2021 consists of 8,458 libraries (administrative units), which is 371 units less than in 2020. The libraries made available to the public, in 2021, about 156 million volumes, which is 2 million less than in 2020. . In the urban environment, 3,262 libraries were in operation, 112 less than in 2020, with a book collection of 121 million volumes (three-quarters of the national book collection is available in libraries), and in the rural environment, although the number of libraries was large. Higher than that in the urban environment (5196 libraries), the book stock was much smaller, 34 million volumes.
How many Romanians still borrow books from the library?
The number of active users reached 2.1 million people in 2021, with 377,000 less active users compared to 2020. The distribution of the number of active users shows the superiority of the use of school libraries (52.6%) and public libraries (36.9%). %).
The number of volumes issued to various users, in 2021, was 16.3 million, 4.2 million fewer than in 2020, with an active user receiving, on average, 8 volumes/year. Available to the general public from all regions of the country, the Public Library Network, made up of the 1962 county, municipal, city and community libraries, is publicly available about 43 million volumes of printed books and periodicals, which together collect, in their own collections, 27.2 million titles of printed books and 43 thousand e-book titles.
Compared with the population, it turns out that in 2021, an average of 9.8 thousand residents returned to a public library.
How many books, on average, did a Romani borrow in 2021?
One population received, on average, 2.2 volumes per year from the collections of public libraries, and 785 thousand annual active users benefit from the services of these libraries.
Against the background of the easing of measures taken in light of the spread of COVID-19, an active user borrowed from public libraries (district, municipal, township and municipal), in 2021, on average, 11.4 volumes, compared to the previous year, when the average was 11.3 volumes.
The library staff (including school libraries), at the end of 2021, was formed by 9,484 people, 90.9% of whom are specialized personnel.
The Museums and Public Collections network included, in 2021, 435 core units, an average of 3 units less than in 2020.
The number of museum visitors has increased compared to 2020
The number of cultural and natural assets, by the end of 2021, reached 32.6 million, a decrease of 932 thousand cultural assets compared to 2020, mainly due to the closure or temporary suspension of the activity of some museums until the end of the year. units.
Of the total assets displayed by museums, in 2021 there were more than 31.4 million cultural assets and museum pieces, 1.2 million representing plants, animals and aquatic animals from botanical gardens, zoos and aquariums, and 29,000 representing natural goods (plants and animals) from Nature reserves.
The number of visitors to museums, public collections, botanical gardens, zoos, aquariums and nature reserves, registered in 2021, was 11.4 million people, an increase of 3.5 million people compared to 2020.
Number of visitors to “Museum Night”
The evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted organizers to postpone “Museum Night” to June (usually scheduled for May), with a mixed program being organized online with physical access. Compliance with the applicable legislation on COVID-19 prevention and special health protection measures increased the number of visitors who participated in Museum Night from 10.4 thousand people in 2020 to 183.7 thousand people in 2021.
The number of employees who served the network of museum units in 2021 amounted to 7,367 people, more than half of whom are specialists.
The network of institutions and companies for performances and concerts included, in 2021, 167 base units, as it was in 2020.
Most spectators in theaters and operas
In the context of the development of the Covid-19 epidemic, the measures taken by the authorities were eased, so that in 2021, institutions and companies for performances and concerts held 14.5 thousand performances in the country, and 1.9 million watched them. Spectators, for 10.0 thousand views, watched by 1.5 million spectators in 2020.
Depending on the type of institutions and companies that give performances or concerts, in 2021 the majority of spectators registered in theaters (44.5%) and in opera performances (20.9%).
The number of current employees at the end of 2021 within institutions and companies for performances and concerts amounted to 12,492 people, 60.0% of whom had specialized technical positions.
Decline in the number of newspapers and magazines for the year 2020
In 2021, 516 units were operated with editorial activity for newspapers and magazines, 15 units less than in 2020. Among these, 235 newspaper publishing houses (daily and/or non-daily), 245 publishing houses and magazines published and a number of 36 units Editorial publication of both newspapers and magazines.
271 publishing houses published newspapers, in 2021, a number of 224 titles of daily and non-daily newspapers in print, 24 fewer titles than in 2020, and published on the Internet a number of 272 titles of daily and non-daily newspapers, compared to 277 in 2020.
The number of periodical (journal) titles published in 2021 was 1,398 in print and 480 online, 340 fewer in print and more with 33 online than in 2020.
Domestic film production is on the rise
The number of workers in newspaper and magazine publishing houses, at the end of 2021, was 3,659 people, 70.7% of whom were specialists.
The national production of big screen films included, in 2021, 55 films (36 art films, 11 documentaries and science films and 8 animated films), an increase of 14 films from 2020.
The cinema network, existing at the end of 2021 in the records of the National Film Center, included 90 cinema units with an ordinary tape (89 cinemas and trailers), with 5 cinemas less than in 2020. The cinema network, in 2021, ordered 442 cinema halls with a total of 78.2 thousand seats , compared to 449 cinema halls with 78.1 thousand seats in 2020.
Under the conditions of easing restrictions caused by the health crisis in 2021, the cinema screening included 356.7 thousand screenings (1.7 times more than in 2020), and was watched by 4.7 million spectators (compared to 3.3 million spectators in 2020). In 2021, 396 films were distributed in cinemas, of which 79 were national (or co-production) and 317 were foreign films.
Most outgoing program hours
The number of radio program hours for public radios reached 162.6 thousand program hours (143.8 thousand program hours representing internal broadcasting and 18.8 thousand hours of external broadcasting programme), with 4.9 thousand program hours less than in 2020.
Public television stations broadcast, in 2021, 43.8 thousand hours of radio programmes, a decrease of 120 program hours compared to 2020. The most broadcasting hours in 2021 were events, media programs (20.0%), arts and culture. Programs (13.9%), educational programs (11.3%), news programs (11.0%).
In 2021, 568 private radio stations were in operation, broadcasting a total of 206.3 thousand broadcast days. In 2021, two private television stations broadcast programs in the terrestrial digital system with a total number of 730 broadcast days.
In 2021, a private radio station via electronic communication networks broadcast 109 broadcast days / year, and 245 private television stations broadcast through this type of electronic communication network the number of 82.9 thousand broadcast days / year.
In 2021, 18 private radio stations broadcast programs via satellite with 6.6 thousand broadcast days and 75 private television stations with 26.9 thousand broadcast days.