In the municipalities of Luciu and Gura Ialomiței, vegetables are grown on an area of about 500 hectares, mostly donuts in the field. It’s a recognized region for this culture, not just any donut, many vegetable growers are related to the Roman cultivar Metorit, even if in the meantime they’ve introduced hybrids.
Negra florin is one of them. It has 10 hectares, in which most of the area is cultivated only in Roman donuts. He has been a cultivar loyalist from the Vidra Vegetable Institute for 23 years. In addition to the donut, he also puts sweet peppers, field peppers (preferably for these varieties), watermelons and others. The vegetable farmer says he was the first to bring the Meteorite Donut variety into his area. Before that he cultivated Cornell, but the second variety was better. They do not save their seed from year to year, but they buy each season. He tried in a small area, but the results in the culture were not the same. “It is not worth risking production just for that. Especially since the price is not so exorbitant,” says the vegetable grower. Negrau Florin not only grows the Meteorit variety, but also has hybrids of peppers, but the best in demand for Roman muffins: “We also had hybrids, but we did not abandon Meteorit. And it is not only about the difference in the price of the seed (which is important) , but also related to others: this variety proved to be less demanding and more resistant during the vegetation period to changing and difficult production conditions, and continuous crops in field conditions.I also liked the quality of the fruit in the donut: the flesh is thick, its color and shape is very attractive; unlike the hybrid, where it was Only the first binding, the first harvest looked very good, in Meteorit they knit and produce on the next floors also and the fruits are perfectly homogeneous.In the sale, the first harvest of the hybrid was better, then the fruits became small and colorless and I rejected them.Our variety had good fruits until the end , constantly. Same technology, same terrain. And for this year’s Capia, we also went with a variety, we call it “White Ear” because it turns from green to yellow and then to red.” Negrau Florin thinks 4-5 lei will be satisfactory this year, at least for the first “hand”. It was sold last year for 3 lei (it’s good, but it does not guarantee your comfort for the next crop), but it also sold for 1 lei / kg. In general, he is pleased with the culture of the donut. He’s learned to be wise and save money not just for the next season, but for the next, which means he’s looking forward to the next two years.
Another loyal grower of the Meteorite group is Radu Fusea, who has been purchasing seeds every year from the Vidra Institute for more than 20 years. Its area of 10 hectares is completely covered with donuts, only of the Roman variety. He says he had a hybrid in one year, was not satisfied, and has not grown donut hybrids since. The quality of the pulp, thickness, color, and flavor of this variety have kept it in culture over time. It was also well received in the supermarket. Although he was initially asked for another hybrid, he convinced buyers of the quality of his vegetables. It sells both in the surrounding markets and in Suceava, Iași, etc. He says that the variety is also appreciated because it behaves well in processing (when boiled, baked, it retains its color and does not lose much weight), as well as in conditions of canning. Although the fruit is not as large as the one obtained from the hybrid, especially in the first harvest, it has a greater weight. This year, it has again demonstrated its resistance to drought conditions, as well as to the attack of some diseases in the bacterial category, says the farmer. “I have seen and tested different hybrids, but they did not convince me to introduce them into the culture: they are also not tolerant, the bush does not stand upright, it leans much (more than metrorite), especially if I do not know how to use it. In theory, hybrids give a higher yield , but the investment in drip irrigation is also higher, and I am interested in the quality and profitability of the culture,” Radu Fusea explains his choice.
In this summer’s conditions, Roman muffins stood out due to their better resistance to water stress, especially to heat from the air. In the town of Luciu, vegetable growers irrigate from the Danube. They are in the second stage, but the drought and the reduced flow of water gave them feelings, especially since the supply was stopped for a while. Now irrigation of vegetable crops is limited. Even under these conditions, culture is profitable. Since this is a large area planted with vegetables, at a distance of only two communes, they are trying to lay the foundations of an association and submit a project for the construction of a cold store.