Historian Radu Ciusiano, honorary member of the Romanian Academy, died on Monday, September 12, at the age of 94, according to a press release from the National Institute for the Study of Holism (INST).
Former political prisoner Radu Ciucchino founded the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism in 1993 and led the institution for nearly 30 years.
Radu Ciuceanu was born on April 16, 1928 in Arad. He graduated from the Faculty of “Carol 1” in Craiova in 1946, and in 1947 entered the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Bucharest.
The study was interrupted a year later, because in September 1948 he was arrested by the security, since it was discovered that he was a member of the Military Committee of the MNRO (National Resistance Movement from Oltenia – Commander General Ianco Carlaoni). In 1949, he was sentenced to 15 years in prison for the “crime of conspiracy against social order”, for which he executed in the reforms of Craiova, Pitesti, Jilava, Targor, Girla, Ayud and Fukuriti.
Documents from the investigation file and the MNRO operation were published by Radu Ciuceanu at INST, in a five-volume series (National Resistance Movement in Oltenia 1945-1949, Volume IV, 2001-2007). The traumatic experience of years of imprisonment, especially during the process of re-education, is recounted in six volumes of Memoirs published between 1993-2017, as well as in the historical drama Beautiful Days of Youth … (2011).
In 1963, he was released on time, but was placed under compulsory residence until 1965. He did not get his work permit and ID card until 1965.
He worked for a while as an unskilled laborer (1965-1966), then a librarian at the Central Agricultural Research Institute (22.02.1966 – 05.05.1966), and as a worker at the Institute of Studies and Surveys for Land Improvement (05.05.1966 – 01.10.1967).
In the fall of 1967, he worked as a documentary writer at the Institute of Archeology of the RSR Academy, where in 1973 he became a scientific documentary writer.
In 1968-1972, Radu Ciuceanu entered the Faculty of History at the University of Bucharest. He received his BA in 1972, majoring in the history of Romania.
In 1.01.1975 he became an archaeologist at the Institute of Archeology, but he did not hold this position for only a month, since it was decided to expel former political prisoners from the institutes of the Academy. He narrowly managed to get a job from 1 July 1975 as an archaeologist at the Bucharest Museum of History, where he remained until February 1990.
During these years, he made archaeological excavations in Putna, Kushula, Miheliti, Afumachi, Gika-Ti, Panteleimon, Fukureti, Colsia, etc. Research reports were published in specialized journals at the time.
They are constantly monitored by security
After his release from prison and until 1989, a file was opened for permanent follow-up by the security. Documents from his trace file were transcribed into the folders of a quiet man’s diary. Codename: Artist, 1963-1970, Volume I, INST, Bucharest, 2005; Diary of a Quiet Man. Code name: Cucu, 1970-1989, vol. II, INST, Bucharest, 2006.
Although he knew he was being pursued, he had the courage to meet some of his former prison comrades, who once again began speaking out against the Ceaușescu regime, such as dissident Gheorghe Calciu-Dumitreasa.
Also, during the 1980s, together with Daniel Barbeau and Octavian Rusci, Radu Ciucino secretly placed and sent abroad, at great risk, case studies of the monument under the communist regime (broadcast on Radio Europe Libero, in July and September 1981, under the signature of a watchdog group historical monuments), respectively, will Bucharest last until 1984? (Broadcast on Free Europe in June and August 1985). These studies were subsequently published in Archives of Holism in several episodes (AT, 3-4/2000, pp. 196-212; AT, 1-2/2001, pp. 205-229; AT, 3-4/2001, pp. 231-241; at, 3-4 / 2003, pp. 200-211).
In the days of the Romanian revolution in December 1989, he participated in the defense of TVR, and then became a member of the television organization “Club 22”.
In 1990 he became a founding member of the Association of Former Political Prisoners from Romania (AFDPR).
Deputy Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies (1990-1992), Radu Ciuceanu was Chairman of the Commission for Inquiry into Violations, Corruption and Petitions (2001-2004).
On 1/8/1992 he returned as a Gram researcher. The third is within the Bucharest Municipal History Museum, where it was seconded on 1/2/1993 to the Ministry of Culture as an advisor to the Minister of Culture on issues of national heritage.
In 1993, he founded the National Institute for the Study of Holism, an institute under the auspices of the Romanian Academy, dedicated to researching the totalitarian past of Romania. During the nearly 30 years of its existence, INST, under the leadership of Dr. Radu Ciuceanu, has carried out extensive research activity, embodied in the publication of more than 100 issues of the journal “Archives of Totalitarianism” and more than 150 volumes of monographs, documents, memoirs, dictionaries and encyclopedias. At the same time, on his initiative, the National Pantheon project was launched, which aims to dedicate respect for the great values that contributed to the definition of Roman identity in a majestic architectural space.
In 2016 he was awarded the title of Doctor Honoris Causa by “Ovidius University” in Constanta, and in 2017 he was awarded the title of Doctor Honoris Causa by the University “1 Decembrie 1918” in Alba Iulia.
Honorary member of the Foundation “Saints of Prisons” 2012, in 2017 Rado Siociano was awarded the Order of the Patriarchal Cross, the highest decoration of the Romanian patriarchate.
On September 27, 2019, he was elected an honorary member of the Romanian Academy.