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On September 14, Orthodox Christians celebrate the Exaltation of the Holy Cross or the Day of the Cross. It is a great celebration honored through fasting and feasts, being the oldest celebration dedicated to honoring the sacred wood.

Exaltation of the Holy Cross or The Day of the Cross is the oldest and only Christian holiday marked by strict fasting and prayer and which appears in the Byzantine (Orthodox and Greek Catholic) and Latin calendar, on September 14.

Believers are sanctified in the church, and new jugs are filled with honey and milk. A string of red thread is tied to the tops of the cups, and each cup is covered with a roll. All these offerings are alms to the poor, in memory of deceased relatives.

On the Day of the Cross one fasts for family health, growth and family well-being.

Unlike other feasts, the glorification of the Holy Cross is celebrated with fasting because it reminds of the sufferings and death of the Savior on Calvary.

The cross is a symbol of victory over death and sin

On September 14, the Day of the Cross or the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, believers are advised to fast for the purification of the body and soul.

If health does not allow them to do this, then it is better not to eat garlic, nuts, prunes and fish on the day of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, the explanation is that they have a core that may resemble an objection sign.

Events representing the date of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross

The Exaltation of the Holy Cross is the second feast of September, after the Nativity of the Mother of God or Saint Mary the Younger.

Unlike other Christian holidays, the glorification of the Holy Cross is celebrated by strict fasting, in which the cross is a symbol of the victory over death and sin.

The Elevation of the Holy Cross or the Day of the Cross also marks two solemn events: the discovery of the cross and its raising before the people by Bishop Macarius of Jerusalem, on September 14, 335, and the bringing of the Holy Cross from the Persians in 629 during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius who placed it in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.

The erection of the Holy Cross recalled an important moment in the life of the Holy Emperors Constantine and Elena.

On the eve of the battle with Maxentius, the enemy of the Christians (307-312), Emperor Constantine had a vision: in broad daylight, a cross made of stars appeared in the sky, with the inscription: “By this sign I will win.”

The emperor won, and his mother, after the victory, ordered that the Holy Cross be found in Jerusalem, near Golgotha.

Three identical crosses were discovered there, on which Christ was crucified and two thieves were killed with him.

To find out the cross on which Jesus was crucified, the Patriarch of Jerusalem, Macarius, brought each cross to a girl who had just died.

When Makari placed the Holy Cross next to her, the young woman was said to have come back to life.

The news spread like lightning, and the church became too big for believers who came to see the Holy Cross.

In AD 335, the Patriarch ordered the Holy Cross to be raised to a high place where all people could see.

Saint Constantine the Great built a church on that place also called the Church of the Resurrection, and it was consecrated on September 13, 335.

On September 14, Patriarch Macarius showed Jerusalem again from the pulpit of the church, the sacred wood of the Crucifixion, to all the people who wanted to see it.

Since then, this day has definitively remained the Feast of the Ascension or the Presentation of the Holy Cross.

Superstition on the Day of the Cross – Why is it called the Crossroads of Chrome and Snake Day

In the folk calendar, the Day of the Assumption of the Holy Cross is also known as Day of the Cross, Day of the Snake or Carstoful Villor and is considered the date that heralds the end of summer and the beginning of autumn.

The Day of the Cross is the date that heralds the end of summer and the beginning of autumn.

The famous calendar also records this day under other names, such as Cârstovul Viilor and Ziua Serpelui.

Under the first name, it is known today especially in the mountainous and southern regions, in the grape-growing regions, marking the beginning of vine picking.

The second name is connected with the fact that, from this day on, it is believed that snakes and other reptiles begin to retreat to their underground hiding places, and hibernate until spring.

In the villages, it is still believed that snakes, before withdrawing, huddle together, wrap themselves and produce a pill called a “jeweled stone”, which can be used to cure all diseases.

According to other traditions, on the day of the Cross, the last medicinal plants (boze, bramble, horsetail, rush) are collected, which are taken with a bouquet of flowers and basil to the church, to be placed around the cross and for reverence.

Then sacred plants are kept in this way at home, in icons or in other safe places, where they are used to treat certain diseases, but also for love magic.

On this day the priest sanctifies the vineyard and the barrels of wine, so that in the future the master of the house may enjoy a rich harvest.

Ancient traditions and customs across today

On this day, garlic, nuts, prunes or melons, foods whose heart resembles a cross, are not eaten.

In the folk tradition, the leaves and flowers of basil, mint, marjoram and thyme are considered magical herbs and are consecrated in the church and kept near the cross during the service. Holy basil flowers on this holiday relieve pain, even severe migraines or toothaches. In the countryside, people suffering from colds are smoked with lit basil branches. Basil is also placed in water dishes for birds during epidemics to protect them.

On the Day of the Cross, rituals are held for trees that no longer bear fruit: homeowners hang from their branches, crosses made of holy basil in the church and corbini (creeping stems from cucumbers and melons), hoping that fruit in these fruitless trees.

If you thunder on this day, it will be a long autumn. On the contrary, if a flock of roaring crows gathers, then frost will fall. Before the Day of the Cross, it is not good to pick a dogwood, because in this case there will be a frosty night on the eve of the holiday.

The Day of the Cross heralds the end of summer and the advent of autumn. Also, in the countryside, grape picking begins and must be made.

Day of the Cross – Traditions related to the picking of grapes

The grapes from the last vine will not be picked today. It must be kept as an offering to the birds of the air, and therefore in the popular language it is called the grapes of God.

On harvest evenings, the vineyards make bonfires from the dried vines, around which they celebrate with food, drink and music.

On September 14, basil, mint, marjoram and thyme, which are considered magical plants, were consecrated in the church.

These plants protect believers from various diseases, but they also guard birds and animals in the yard.

Coins consecrated on this day, kept in the wallet, next to the cross, bring abundance and an increase in business.

It is also said that it is not good to eat garlic, nuts, peaches and fish.

It is recommended to keep the harsh black fast for the healing of the soul and body.

On the day of the glorification of the Holy Cross, it is not permissible to work so as not to attract dangers.

From now on, walnuts also begin to be whipped, but it is not allowed to eat the fruit, since the pulp is in the shape of a cross.

The common people believe that if autumn falls on this holiday, then autumn will be long.

Also, if crows gather on the fence, then frost will fall.

The monastery dedicated to the “Exaltation of the Holy Cross” of the province of Alba

One of the places of worship in the province of Elba that celebrates its patron saint on this day is the “Exaltation of the Holy Cross” monastery of Lubcha.

Lupşa Monastery has an old church dating back to 1429, which was re-consecrated in 2009 (dedicated to Saint Nicholas), and the new church dedicated to the glorification of the Holy Cross and Saint Silouan the Athony. The Lubcha Monastery was consecrated in 1992.

The Lupşa Monastery is located on the Abrud – Câmpeni-Turda road, and is one of the oldest monastic settlements in the Valley of the Conception. Being founded by monks who lived in the land of Muti, from the beginning it had a great spiritual role for the neighboring villages.

The monks lived a hesychastic life in fasting and prayer and kept in close contact with the Berry monastery in the north of Maramures and the monasteries in Moldova, from which they brought liturgical books.

The present wooden Lupşa Hermitage Church dates back to 1429. The founder is Boyar Stanislav, from the family of Prince Cândea de Lupşa. In the middle of the eighteenth century, the monastery had only a few monks headed by the abbot Procopius.

The monastic life supported by the monks continued until 1820, when the monastery was abolished due to anti-Orthodox pressures, and the monks were expelled by the Habsburg authorities.

The church was used by Roman Catholics until 1948, when it reverted to the Orthodox Church. From 1948 to 1992, it was a place of worship and belonged to the Orthodox parish. In 1992, at the request of the faithful, the diocesan center of Alba Iulia reestablished the monastic institution with a community of monks.

Other Christian holidays until the end of 2022

Orthodox calendar holidays 2022:

October:

  • 26 – St. Great Mac. Dimitrie, Izvorâtorul de myrrh (release in oil and wine).
  • 27 – St. Cove. the new Dimitri, protector of Bucharest, whose remains are in the patriarchal cathedral; St Mac. Nestor.

November:

  • 8 – The Council of Saint Michael and Gabriel of the Archangels and all the heavenly powers.
  • 21 – Entry into the Church of the Mother of God (Vovidenia) (Lent).
  • 30 – Saint Father Andrew, the first called, protector of Romania; †) St. Gere. Andre Saguna, Metropolitan of Transylvania; St. Gere. Frumentie, Ep. of Ethiopia

Dec:

  • 6 – St. Gere. Nicholas, Archbishop. Bridal from Lichia (fish jaw).
  • 25 – Nativity (Christmas).
  • 26 – the second day of Christmas; (†) Cathedral of the Mother of God; †) St. Cove. Nicodemus of Tismana; St. Gere. Eftimie Mart. , People’s Army. Sardinia (maps).
  • 27 – the third day of Christmas. †) St. Ab. The first Knesset member. and Arshid. Steven. St. Cove. Theodore the Confessor

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